In Grammar By Victoria

Vyama katika Kiingereza

Kusoma Kiingereza sarufi, sisi ni vishawishi na kutenganisha notional parts of the speech na huduma functional parts of the speech sehemu ya hotuba. Kwanza inajulikana kuwa na thamani ya kujitegemea, na inaweza kutekeleza majukumu mbalimbali kisintaksia katika hukumu. Lakini la mwisho sina thamani ya kujitegemea, lakini tu kuungana maneno na hukumu, wakati mwingine kuongeza au kufafanua maadili ya maneno mengine. Na vyama vya rasmi ni sehemu ya hotuba, viunganishi, chembe, interjections, modal verbs na maneno ya mshangao. Alisema kwanza msaidizi sehemu ya hotuba, yaani muungano conjunction na ni somo la mjadala wetu katika makala hii.

Ni «muungano» kwa lugha ya Kiingereza ni nini?

Kama tulivyosema, hii ni huduma ya hotuba, ambayo husaidia kuteka uhusiano kati ya sehemu ya hukumu tata, kati ya mapendekezo ya mtu binafsi katika maandishi, kama vile kati ya maneno, kama sehemu ya adhabu rahisi. Kama sisi kusema ya aina ya Vyama vya katika Kiingereza, imebainika kwamba katika kesi hii, wanaweza kuwa rahisi, tata, au kiwanja. Kwa kuangalia majina unaonyesha kwamba rahisi simple ni neno moja and but or tata compound ni walionyesha kwa njia ya vyama vya mbili rahisi wherever howerer na Composite composite iliyoundwa kama mchanganyiko wa huduma na kwa kiasi kikubwa Maneno as well as in order that

Kama tunazungumzia kuhusu kazi iliyofanywa na vyama katika lugha ya Kiingereza, usisahau kwamba vyama vya zote zilizopo zinaweza kugawanywa katika makundi mawili: coordinative coordinating na chini subordinating Kwanza haja ya kuhusisha sare ya hukumu au sehemu tu ya uhuru pendekezo slozhnosochinennogo. Subordinating vyama vya wafanyakazi katika lugha ya Kiingereza hutumiwa kwa ajili ya uhusiano na kuelekeza mapendekezo kuu ikiwa ni sehemu ya tata.

Kwa upande mwingine, kwa kuzingatia uainishaji kina zaidi ya vyama vya wafanyakazi katika lugha ya Kiingereza, tunaweza kuona kwamba vyama vya coordinative ni:

  • Kuunganisha / copulative and as well as both…and wengine)

    It was all dark overhead and in front of her there was a long passage. ( ya yake kulikuwa na kifungu mrefu. It was all dark overhead and in front of her there was a long passage. ( It was all dark overhead and in front of her there was a long passage. ( — katika maana ya «na»)

    Both Tom and Ann were late.

    He neither wrote nor phoned.

  • adversative / adversative and but yet however na wengine)

    Henry lived in a small town, but then he got a job in a big city and moved there with his wife.

    The waters of the sea were deep, yet clear.

  • Kuwatenga / disjunctive or eitheror

    He was not quick either of vision or conception.

    Be polite or you’ll miss your chance!

  • causal / causative-consecutive for so

    She missed the plane for her car broke down.

Subordinating kuhusianisha kwa Kiingereza ni zaidi tofauti, na kwa hiyo uainishaji wao mara mbili. Makundi makuu ya subordinating kuhusianisha kwa Kiingereza ni:

  • izjasnitelnyh that whether if

    He suggested that we should give him the time to think over the problem. (that – muda wa kufikiria juu ya tatizo hilo. He suggested that we should give him the time to think over the problem. (that – He suggested that we should give him the time to think over the problem. (that – kwamba kuwa)

    I do not care whether she comes to the party or not.

  • muda when as soon as till before while na wengine)

    Dinner will be served at 7.30 after the guests arrive.

    What have you been doing since you were fired from work?

  • causal as because since nk)

    Farmers must rise early since they have so much work to do. (since – kazi kubwa ya kufanya. Farmers must rise early since they have so much work to do. (since – Farmers must rise early since they have so much work to do. (since – kwa sababu, kama)

    The government requires warnings on cigarettes because smoking isn’t good for your health.

  • Lengo in order that so that wengine)

    I will lend you my car so that you fill it up with petrol.

    He put on his glasses in order that he could see better.

  • masharti if unless provided / providing that supposing once na wengine)

    Please, come by my house if you get a chance.

    She’d be very attractive provided that she lost all that weight.

  • concessive though although

    He was gay though tired.

    We still went to the beach although the sun wasn’t shining.

  • na kulinganisha modus operandi as if, so…as as…as than the…the wengine)

    He shook his head a bit as if in wonder that he had permitted himself this behaviour.

    The more I think about it the more nervous I become.

  • Uchunguzi so…that that

    She arrived early so that she could help me prepare the meal.

    The film was so boring that I felt asleep.

Vyama katika lugha ya Kiingereza ni sio sana, na unaweza kujifunza wote. Moja ya njia bora ya kukumbuka kwao, kwa maoni yangu, ni mtazamo wa mara kwa mara ya meza na vyama vya wafanyakazi katika lugha ya Kiingereza. Meza hii inaweza kufanya yako mwenyewe kwa kuandika katika safu vyama vya wote, kugawa yao katika makundi, kama vile kuwapatia tafsiri na matumizi ya hukumu mifano. Au unaweza kutumia tayari-alifanya nyenzo, ambayo ni wakfu kwa vyama vya wafanyakazi katika lugha ya Kiingereza. Kwa mfano, kutokana na kitabu na G. Epstein «kisingizio. Vyama vya wafanyakazi. Derivation «(St Petersburg, kuchapisha» Karo «, 2001) au posho» Structured tasks for English practice Gallaucet College

Mada hii ni karibu kuhusiana na wengine kama ilivyoelezwa katika makala ambayo haja ya kulipa kipaumbele:

  • Like na as katika lugha ya Kiingereza»
  • «Kuhusianisha coordinative kwa Kiingereza»
  • «Subordinating kuhusianisha kwa Kiingereza»

Baada ya kusoma yao, sisi kupendekeza kupita mtihani zifuatazo: «. Mtihani kwa vyama vya wafanyakazi katika matumizi ya hukumu ya Kiingereza»

 

Grammar

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