In Grammar By Victoria

Viwakilishi interrogative katika lugha ya Kiingereza

Kundi jingine la Viwakilishi kwa Kiingereza ni viwakilishi interrogative interrogative pronouns Wao pia ni kidogo kama akizungumzia. Kwa kiwakilishi cha kuuliza kwa lugha ya Kiingereza ni maneno yafuatayo: who (ambao), what (yaliyo, ikiwa ni pamoja na thamani ya «ambaye» wakati sisi majadiliano juu taaluma au nafasi mtu), whose (ambaye), which (ambaye) Swali. pronoun kwa lugha ya Kiingereza tunahitaji kwa ajili ya masuala elimu maalum. Kila moja ya haya ina nuances mwenyewe Viwakilishi kutumia, hivyo kuchambua yao kwa utaratibu.

Jinsi ya kutumia kiwakilishi cha kuuliza kwa lugha ya Kiingereza?

Kwanza katika mstari pronoun who Pronoun hii ni kutumika dhidi ya watu binafsi. Pronoun hii, kuna aina kesi mbili: nominative — tu who lengo kesi — whom Mfumo wa tamko katika kesi lengo ni mara chache kutumika, hasa katika kitabu rasmi, na mitindo ya hotuba. Katika hotuba colloquial, matumizi who Nini kazi katika jitihada za kuzingatia tamko huu interrogative katika lugha ya Kiingereza? Huenda:

  • Somo. Kumbuka kwamba katika kesi hii kitendo-prediketo kusindikiza who watakuwa katika mfumo wa mtu wa tatu umoja.

    Who knows the answer to this question? – Who knows the answer to this question? – Nani anajua jibu la swali hili?

    Who broke the window? – Who broke the window? – Nani kuvunja dirisha?

  • Majina sehemu ya prediketo. Sasa tutaweza align kitendo katika mtu na idadi na somo.

    Who are those strange women? – Who are those strange women? – Wanawake hao ajabu ni nani?

    Who is your husband? – Who is your husband? – Nani ni mume wako?

  • Moja kwa moja na moja kwa moja prepositional inayosaidia. Kumbuka kwamba kihusishi kwamba unaambatana haya Viwakilishi interrogative kwa Kiingereza ni kawaida kuweka mwishoni mwa wiki.

    Who (whom) did you invite to the party? – chama? Who (whom) did you invite to the party? – Who (whom) did you invite to the party? – Na ninyi je, kukaribisha kwa chama?

    Who (whom) did you show this book to? – kitabu kwa? Who (whom) did you show this book to? – Who (whom) did you show this book to? – Nani ilionyesha wewe kitabu hiki?

    Who (whom) are you waiting for here? – hapa? Who (whom) are you waiting for here? – Who (whom) are you waiting for here? – Wewe ni nani kusubiri?

    Who (whom) are you going to spend the holidays with? – kutumia likizo na? Who (whom) are you going to spend the holidays with? – Who (whom) are you going to spend the holidays with? – Na nani wewe kutumia likizo?

Baada ya hapo, hebu majadiliano juu ya kiwakilishi cha kuuliza what Pronoun hii ni kutumika kwa kutaja vitu visivyo na uhai. Kazi yake katika hukumu hiyo, kama vile tamko who Yaani, pronoun katika hukumu what kifungo cha yanaweza kuwa:

  • Somo. Kitendo-prediketo katika kesi hii ni pia kutumika katika mfumo wa mtu wa tatu umoja.

    What was written in this article? – What was written in this article? – Kile kilichoandikwa katika makala hii?

    What is it? – What is it? – Ni kitu gani?

  • Majina sehemu ya prediketo. Kitendo-copula anakubaliana katika mtu na idadi na somo.

    What is the cost of this yellow bag? – What is the cost of this yellow bag? – Ni kiasi gani mfuko huu njano?

    What are the results of this competition? – What are the results of this competition? – Ni matokeo ya mashindano ni nini?

  • Moja kwa moja na moja kwa moja prepositional inayosaidia. Kisingizio kuhusiana na hii Viwakilishi interrogative ni kawaida siku zote mwishoni.

    What did you choose? – What did you choose? – Je, unaweza kuchagua?

    What have you lost? – What have you lost? – Una nini waliopotea?

    What were you talking about? – What were you talking about? – Je, ni wewe kuzungumza juu?

Viwakilishi interrogative what inaweza kutumika dhidi ya watu kama sisi ni kujifunza taaluma au ajira Haki. Kwa mfano:

What is he? – What is he? – Yeye ni nani? He is a builder Yeye ni wajenzi.

Hata hivyo, caveat hii haina yanahusu maswali yenye lengo la kutafuta mahusiano jina, jina, familia. Katika kesi hiyo, sisi kutumia pronoun who

Hii kiwakilishi cha kuuliza kwa lugha ya Kiingereza kama whose kwa nia ya kucheza ufafanuzi kazi na inaelezwa kabla noun.

Whose document have you brought? – Whose document have you brought? – Nani hati kuletwa?

Whose bag is it? – Whose bag is it? – Nani mfuko?

Viwakilishi interrogative which inaweza kutumika kwa wote hai na vitu visivyo na uhai. Ni ina maana uchaguzi wa idadi ndogo ya watu au vitu:

Which dish did you like? – Which dish did you like? – Nini sahani gani wewe kama? (kulikuwa na kadhaa)

Which language would you like to learn? – Which language would you like to learn? – Ni lugha gani ungependa kujifunza? (kwa mfano, aina ya kozi ikiwa ni pamoja na lugha 5-6)

Which of you will participate in this ceremony? – Which of you will participate in this ceremony? – Ni wangapi wenu watashiriki katika sherehe? (Na wewe ni tu 10)

Na usisahau kuhusu kuweka maneno:

  • what kind of? — Je, ni aina gani ya:

    What kind of literature do you prefer? – What kind of literature do you prefer? – Ni aina gani ya vitabu unapendelea?

  • what about…? — Vipi kuhusu kwamba …?

    What about going out tonight? – What about going out tonight? – Jinsi kuhusu sisi kwenda mahali fulani leo?

  • what if…? — Je, iwapo …?

    What if she doesn’t believe us? – What if she doesn’t believe us? – Nini kama yeye haamini yetu?

Mada hii ni karibu kuhusiana na wengine kama ilivyoelezwa katika makala ambayo haja ya kulipa kipaumbele:

  • «Viwakilishi demonstrative katika lugha ya Kiingereza»
  • «Pronoun jamaa katika lugha ya Kiingereza»

Baada ya kusoma yao, sisi kupendekeza kupita mtihani zifuatazo: «. Mtihani # 2 juu ya matumizi ya viwakilishi katika lugha ya Kiingereza»

 

Grammar

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