In Grammar By Victoria

Vitendo msaidizi katika lugha ya Kiingereza

Kitendo verb ni sehemu ya hotuba ambayo inaashiria hatua au hali. Kulingana na jinsi muhimu kitendo na kama wakati wote, na nini jukumu gani pendekezo, maneno yote ya lugha ya Kiingereza inaweza kugawanywa katika makundi matatu: vitenzi semantic notional verbs huduma semi-auxiliary verbs na sekondari auxiliary verbs Sisi kuhisi kuna maana lexical ya vitendo na katika pendekezo hilo, wao ni rahisi matusi prediketo. Zana vitendo maana lexical kunyimwa, na hukumu ni kutumika tu kama sehemu ya jina kiwanja au prediketo matusi. Kwa maelezo zaidi, tutaweza majadiliano juu ya vitendo vya msaidizi kwa Kiingereza.

Ni vitendo msaidizi katika lugha ya Kiingereza ni nini?

Katika Vitendo msaidizi katika lugha ya Kiingereza hakuna maana lexical. Vitendo hizi hutumika tu kwa kushirikiana na hisia vitendo ili kujenga Composite (uchambuzi) fomu.
Hapa ni vitendo ya kawaida:

  • to be am are is was were been
  • to do do does did
  • to have have has had
  • shall should
  • will would

Kitendo to be katika aina fulani kutumika kwa ajili ya malezi ya sasa rahisi Present Simple na ilipita wakati Past Simple Uchaguzi wa aina ya kitendo katika muda maalum inategemea idadi na mtu kuwa. Am — kwa vitengo mtu mmoja. nambari; are — kwa mtu mmoja zaidi. namba 2 mtu umoja. na wengine wengi. namba 3 mtu wingi. nambari; is — kwa mtu wa tatu umoja. idadi. Mara ya mwisho was kutumika kwa ajili ya umoja, na were — kwa nyingi. Ni sehemu ya prediketo kwa sasa, uliopita na ujao muda mrefu wakati Present Continuous / Past Continuous / Future Continuous Mifano:

She is at the hospital now. – She is at the hospital now. – Yeye sasa ni katika hospitali.

We were next to your house yesterday. – We were next to your house yesterday. – Jana tulikuwa karibu na nyumba yako.

I am working at the moment. – I am working at the moment. – Kwa sasa, mimi nina kazi.

Kama kitendo msaidizi katika lugha ya Kiingereza ni to do aina tatu: do / does / did Aina does kutumia nafsi ya tatu umoja, vinginevyo kuchagua do Ni masuala ya rahisi tarehe — Present Simple Katika rahisi wakati uliopita — Past Simple — sisi kutumia tu kitendo did Msaidizi Hii inahitajika kwa ajili ya malezi ya hukumu interrogative na hasi katika nyakati hizi. Mifano:

She doesn’t do her work thoroughly. – She doesn’t do her work thoroughly. – Yeye ni si kufanya kazi yake kwa makini.

You did not find a way out. – You did not find a way out. – Wewe si kupatikana kwa njia nje.

He does not feel good. – He does not feel good. – Ni anahisi mbaya.

Kitendo msaidizi to have na aina tatu: have has had Kitendo hii ni kutumika kwa kuunda aina Composite ya sasa, uliopita na ujao wakati kamilifu Present Perfect / Past Perfect / Future Perfect na hicho nia muda mrefu katika lugha ya Kiingereza Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous / Future Perfect Continuous Fomu have haja kwa watu wote na namba isipokuwa mtu wa tatu umoja. Katika kesi hiyo, kutumia fomu has Ni wote katika wakati uliopo. Katika siku za nyuma — aina had kuwa yote. Mifano:

He has just written the letter. – He has just written the letter. – Yeye alikuwa tu ameandika barua.

We had finished building this house when they came. – akaja. We had finished building this house when they came. – We had finished building this house when they came. – Ili kuwasili yao, tuna kumaliza kujenga nyumba.

Vitendo msaidizi katika lugha ya Kiingereza, na shall na will zinahitajika kwa ajili ya malezi ya mara ujao katika lugha ya Kiingereza. Hii ni rahisi, ya muda mrefu, nia, nia muda mrefu Future Simple Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous Hivi sasa, kitendo msaidizi shall vigumu kutumika, na hapo awali ilitumika kwa Viwakilishi 1 mtu kama umoja na wingi. Aina should / would haja katika mapendekezo, kuzingatia sheria ya mlolongo wa kauli. Mifano:

My father will come in two days. – My father will come in two days. – Baba yangu kufika katika siku mbili.

We shall be cooking tomorrow. — We shall be cooking tomorrow. — Kesho tutaweza kuwa tayari.

A friend of mine told me he would read this book at the weekends. – kusoma kitabu hiki katika mwishoni mwa wiki. A friend of mine told me he would read this book at the weekends. – A friend of mine told me he would read this book at the weekends. – Rafiki yangu walidhani itakuwa kusoma kitabu hiki mwishoni mwa wiki.

Vitendo msaidizi katika Kiingereza si nyingi, lakini ni lazima kujulikana, kwa vile wao kuamua wakati wa malezi na matumizi ya lugha hii.

 

Grammar

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