In Ya sayansi By Victoria

Uchaguzi : remember / recollect / recall

Wakati sisi kujifunza lugha yoyote, tuna kukumbuka habari nyingi mpya. Ubongo wetu wanaweza kushikilia mengi, lakini si mara zote kwa wakati unaotakiwa unaweza kuimarisha nyenzo muhimu. Kisha sisi kujiuliza — na sisi kukumbuka kitu chochote? Na nini kuhusu kumbukumbu za zamani? Wote ni uwezo wa kukumbuka matukio ya zamani? Vitendo ambayo ni wajibu kwa ajili ya kumbukumbu, yaani remember recollect na recall na ni somo la makala hii.

Uchaguzi maneno: remember / recollect / recall — maana «kumbuka kukumbuka, kukumbuka»

Wote wa visawe zinaonyesha kwamba sisi wameweka katika kumbukumbu ya baadhi ya habari, au sisi ni kujaribu kurejesha hiyo katika kumbukumbu zake. Akishirikiana vitendo hizi, tunaweza kulingana na vigezo fulani: ikiwa kuna taarifa yoyote katika kumbukumbu, au ni lazima kurejeshwa; jinsi gani itakuwa kushiriki katika mchakato huu, na kile juhudi zinapaswa kuwa na kukumbuka kitu chochote.

Kama kawaida, kuchagua neno la widest na mkuu umuhimu. Neno hili inakuwa kitendo remember Pamoja na hayo, sisi kuelezea na sasa habari fulani katika kumbukumbu (kukumbuka kitu) na marejesho ya baadhi ya vifaa (kukumbuka kitu).

I can’t remember his name. – I can’t remember his name. – Sikumbuki jina lake.

I don’t remember signing this document. – I don’t remember signing this document. – Sikumbuki kusainiwa hati.

I remember her as a girl. – I remember her as a girl. – Nakumbuka msichana wake mdogo.

Just as the door closed he remembered that his keys were inside the room. – funguo zake zilikuwa ndani ya chumba hicho. Just as the door closed he remembered that his keys were inside the room. – Just as the door closed he remembered that his keys were inside the room. – Mara baada ya mlango kufungwa, yeye ikumbukwe kwamba alikuwa kushoto funguo katika chumba hicho.

Kama ukiangalia hukumu ya mwisho, utaona kwamba katika kesi hii ahueni ya kumbukumbu alikuwa involuntary. Mtu mwenyewe hakuwa na kujaribu kukumbuka kitu chochote mpaka baadhi ya ishara (mlango kufungwa) hawakuwa ni pamoja na kumbukumbu yake. Mifano yote hapo juu, isipokuwa kwa mwisho, au kuonyesha uwepo wa habari katika kumbukumbu, au marejesho yake, lakini fahamu. Hapa kitendo remember unaweza mteule aina hizi mbili za taratibu.

Pili kisawe recollect inahusisha tu kurejesha habari katika kumbukumbu, kuna haja ya kukumbuka kitu chochote. Kama utawala, mtu mwenyewe, zinatoa baadhi ya jitihada hufanya kumbukumbu ya kazi yako kufufua maelezo wamesahau. Lakini alisahau hilo kwa sababu mbili: ama kumbukumbu dhaifu sana, au matukio ilitokea muda mrefu uliopita.

I had to make a decision and tried to recollect his exact words. – yakumbuka maneno yake halisi. I had to make a decision and tried to recollect his exact words. – I had to make a decision and tried to recollect his exact words. – Mimi nilikuwa na kufanya uamuzi, na mimi nina kujaribu kukumbuka maneno yake halisi.

Each of us sometimes recollects the days of his childhood. – utoto wake. Each of us sometimes recollects the days of his childhood. – Each of us sometimes recollects the days of his childhood. – Kila mmoja wetu wakati mwingine anakumbuka siku za utoto wake.

I know that this woman is familiar to me. I’m trying to recollect when and where we met. – mimi. I know that this woman is familiar to me. I’m trying to recollect when and where we met. – tulikutana. I know that this woman is familiar to me. I’m trying to recollect when and where we met. – I know that this woman is familiar to me. I’m trying to recollect when and where we met. – Mimi najua kuwa mwanamke huyu ni jamaa yangu. Mimi kujaribu kukumbuka ambapo na wakati sisi alikutana.

Neno letu la mwisho recall sawa na recollect haimaanishi kuwepo na ahueni ya habari na fahamu njia. Mtu anajaribu kukumbuka ukweli baadhi au kitu, lakini ni inahitaji juhudi kidogo kuliko ile ya kitendo recollect Recollect inamaanisha kuwa alisahau sisi kukusanya vipande na recall maana yake ni kwamba picha ni kuhifadhiwa katika kumbukumbu ya zima na kuna kwa wakati sahihi.

I don’t recall arranging time to meet. – I don’t recall arranging time to meet. – Sikumbuki kwamba mimi kuteuliwa wakati wa mkutano huo.

This recalls my childhood to me. – This recalls my childhood to me. – Inanikumbusha utoto wangu.

Can you recall where you lost your bag? – Can you recall where you lost your bag? – Je, unaweza kukumbuka ambapo mfuko waliopotea?

 

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