In Ya sayansi By Victoria

Uchaguzi : awake / awaken / wake / waken / arouse / kumfanya

Makala hii inalenga katika maneno matano ambayo yanafanya jina lake. Wakamwita sawa tu kama wao ni kutumika kama verbs. Lakini maneno hayo katika huo hali unaltered inaweza kuwa sehemu nyingine ya hotuba katika Kiingereza, na ni lazima kuwa wamesahau. Aidha, kila mmoja wao (ila mwisho) inaunganisha mizizi ya kawaida, maneno kutokana na ambayo hizi na kuchanganyikiwa. Kwa hiyo, ili kuepuka makosa katika siku zijazo na kuelewa wakati tunahitaji maneno hayo, sisi majadiliano juu ya kila mmoja wao tofauti.

Maneno uchaguzi: awake / awaken / wake / waken / arouse — ambayo ni sehemu ya hotuba?

Kwanza juu ya «carpet» alimtuma neno awake Hii kivumishi predicative predicative adjective kwamba ni kivumishi inayotumika kazi ya prediketo (prediketo). Kwa mfano:

Are you awake or asleep? – Are you awake or asleep? – Wewe ni kulala au la?

Her father stayed awake till she came back home. – nyumbani. Her father stayed awake till she came back home. – Her father stayed awake till she came back home. – Baba yake hakuwa na usingizi mpaka yeye akarudi nyumbani kwake.

Neno hilo hilo pia ni kitendo. Kama ni kutumika kama kitenzi elekezi, ina maana ifuatayo: kuamka. Kama tunazungumzia intransitive kitendo, tafsiri: kuamka.

It’s quite difficult to awake from a sound sleep. – usingizi mzito. It’s quite difficult to awake from a sound sleep. – It’s quite difficult to awake from a sound sleep. – Ni vigumu kuamka kutoka kwenye usingizi mzito.

The singing of the birds awoke me early in the morning. – asubuhi. The singing of the birds awoke me early in the morning. – The singing of the birds awoke me early in the morning. – Singing ndege kuniamsha mapema asubuhi.

Kitendo awaken na maana sawa kama katika kipindi cha mpito awake Kwa hiyo, kwa maana hii, wao ni visawe. Lakini tofauti na neno letu la kwanza, kitendo hutumika zaidi kwa maana ya kitamathali: kuamsha, kuamsha (hisia yoyote au hisia, tamaa) katika mtu mwingine; wafahamu mtu yeyote (chochote).

The song awakened painful memories. – The song awakened painful memories. – Maneno awakened kumbukumbu za maumivu.

Would you be so kind to awaken to his responsibilities? – majukumu yake? Would you be so kind to awaken to his responsibilities? – Would you be so kind to awaken to his responsibilities? – Je, unaweza kumkumbusha majukumu yake?

Na kumbuka: kitenzi kwanza awake — vibaya. Aina yake: awake awoke awoken Kitendo cha pili ni sahihi, na kwa hiyo inajenga uliopita na kuishia — ed

Kwenda tatu neno wake Kama sisi kuitumia kama nomino, inatumia maadili ya «mkesha na jeneza, mazishi,» «wake.» Lakini sisi ni nia ya thamani ya neno kama kitendo (intransitive na elekezi). Katika kesi ya kwanza tunasema kwamba mtu ni ari. Na pili — kwamba mtu mtu mapenzi. Kama tunaweza kuona, kisawe kabisa awake Na si tu kwake. Kuamsha kumbukumbu na hisia huenda tu kama vile kitendo awaken

She woke with a start. – She woke with a start. – Yeye ghafla nikaamka.

I’ve only just woken up. – I’ve only just woken up. – I just woke up.

Take care not to wake the baby. – Take care not to wake the baby. – Angalia, si kuamka mtoto.

Neno pili ni waken kwa thamani ile ile — kuamka, kuamka, wake. Na kama kitendo huu elekezi sambamba na neno awaken yaani, thamani ya moja kwa moja, lahaja intransitive hutumika katika maana ya mfano, ambayo zilizotajwa hapo juu — kuamsha kitu katika mtu.

I shook him but he didn’t waken. – I shook him but he didn’t waken. – I shook yake, lakini hakuwa na kuamka.

It’s not fair to waken hopes in someone first and then to defeat them. – mtu wa kwanza na kisha kwa kushindwa kwao. It’s not fair to waken hopes in someone first and then to defeat them. – It’s not fair to waken hopes in someone first and then to defeat them. – Ni haki ya kwanza kuamsha matumaini katika mtu, na kisha kuwaangamiza.

Neno la mwisho ilikuwa kitendo arouse ambayo, ingawa si ​​neno mzizi maneno mengine yote, lakini hutumika kama kisawe kwa maana ya «wake kuamka» na «kumfanya, Excite, kusababisha» (kwa maana ya kitamathali). Kwa bahati mbaya, thamani «arousal ngono» pia unafanyika katika kesi hii.

Interest was aroused. – Interest was aroused. – She aliamka riba.

Women become sexually aroused as quickly as men. – Women become sexually aroused as quickly as men. – Wanawake ni msisimko kwa haraka kama wanaume.

It’s very difficult to arouse a man if he is sleeping like a log. – kama yeye ni kulala kama gogo. It’s very difficult to arouse a man if he is sleeping like a log. – It’s very difficult to arouse a man if he is sleeping like a log. – Ni vigumu sana kuamka mtu ambaye ni kulala kama maiti.

 

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