In Wanafunzi By Julia

The Memory Palace Technique, au nini kiraka leaky kumbukumbu?

«Kumbukumbu yangu ni bora, lakini kwa muda mfupi. «

Mwandishi asiyejulikana

Ya maswali yote kejeli kwamba sisi mara nyingi kujiuliza, ni ya kawaida: «Inakuwaje nina / angeweza kusahau? «. Katika maisha ya kila siku, sisi ni daima wanakabiliwa na kiasi kikubwa cha habari wa muhimu na kabisa hakuna maslahi kwetu, na linapokuja suala la kukumbuka matukio fulani, ukweli, au maneno tu katika utafiti wa lugha za kigeni, yetu «mfumo wa uendeshaji» inaweza kushindwa. Kama axiom Leo Beyzer «kuwekea kitu katika kumbukumbu ya kompyuta, kukumbuka ambapo kuiweka.» Kujifunza jinsi ya kukabiliana na tatizo hili, yaani mfuto ya dhana fulani ya akili zetu, tunaweza kusaidia The Memory Palace Technique (mbinu ya «kumbukumbu ikulu»). Mbinu hii ni rahisi kwa bwana, hauhitaji ujuzi maalum. Zilizotengenezwa na Wagiriki wa kale, na ilikuwa kutumika kwa ajili ya kuhifadhi mechi yake ya umma, hivyo kwamba itakuwa muhimu kwa wazungumzaji baadaye na kwa wale ambao tu hawezi kukumbuka maudhui ya msingi orodha ya manunuzi lazima.

Hivyo, hebu angalia jinsi hii matendo?

Wote kwamba tunahitaji wakati wa kutumia mbinu hii, ni:

  • Vizuri ukoo mahali familiar place
  • Mawazo vivid imagination

Hatua ya 1: Unahitaji kuchagua kinachojulikana memory palace («kumbukumbu ikulu»), yaani, mahali kwamba wewe ni kiakili in your mind’s eye inaweza kuwa kama ilivyoelezwa kwa undani picture vividly kama vile nyumba yako, ghorofa au mahali operesheni. Ni kuhitajika kuwa wewe kuchaguliwa «jumba» kuna nafasi nyingi.

Hatua ya 2. Kujenga njia maalum chart a specific route harakati katika kila moja ya pembe through every nook and cranny kuwa wewe kuchaguliwa «jumba». Kiakili kufikiria jinsi wewe kupita mara kadhaa na kila moja ya vyumba kwa utaratibu. Daima makini kufuata huo alipanga safari.

Hatua ya 3: Go kupitia kila moja ya vyumba katika mwelekeo huo huo, mfano, kushoto kwenda kulia. Kuweka wimbo wa vitu vyote features ambao ni katika chumba hiki na kukuta wewe juu ya njia, kama vile taa dawati, wastebasket, baraza la mawaziri au uchoraji. Fikiria kila ya vitu hivi kama «kiini» kukumbuka as a “ memory slot ”

Hatua ya 4. Machapisho Chama associate kwa ajili ya ukweli au dhana kwamba unataka kukumbuka, moja ya vitu katika kila chumba «kumbukumbu ikulu». Nafasi locate yao katika njia katika utaratibu ambao unataka yao kukumbuka. Ajabu, ujinga na ujinga zaidi kwa kuwa chama yako, bora wao atakumbukwa — hiyo ni kweli! Exaggeration exaggerate images pia kuchangia aid in mchakato wa kukumbuka recall process Kwa mfano for instance kama unahitaji kununua mapera, kufikiria kwamba moja ya mitambo yako ya ndani ni kufunikwa na kubwa uchaguzi wa kilo ya apples.

Hatua ya 5. Anza njia yako tangu mwanzo na kutembelea kila chumba, akibainisha kila kitu katika zamu katika haraka na kwa urahisi kukumbuka habari zote to readily recall the information kwamba alikuwa na kukamata katika kumbukumbu yake. Na hivi karibuni watu utakuwa taarifa na uhakika kwamba una kumbukumbu nzuri.

Je, ni faida ya mbinu hii ya kukariri, na muhimu zaidi, hifadhi ya taarifa katika kumbukumbu zetu?

  1. Awali ya yote, huna haja ya kuandika chochote chini. Kutumia the Memory Palace Technique huwezi kufanya orodha ya manunuzi kabla ya kwenda dukani. Wengi wetu, nadhani, kukubaliana na mimi kwamba hata kama sisi alichukua pamoja nao dukani orodha hii kuokoa, na kumwacha blithely uongo ambapo tulikuwa (ambayo pia hutokea mara nyingi kabisa!), Sisi daima kuwa ni kuangalia, kwa sababu mara moja sisi kuondoa hiyo katika mfuko wako au mfuko, basi mara moja kusahau yaliyomo yake.
  2. Tunaweza kiakili kupanga na muhimu zaidi, kukumbuka kwamba tunahitaji kufanya leo, kesho, wiki ijayo, na kadhalika. E., Hata wakati juu ya treadmill katika mazoezi.
  3. Kama wewe ni maandalizi ya hotuba ya umma au mada, hapa mfumo ni muhimu, kwa sababu unaweza kwa urahisi kukumbuka wakati wote muhimu ya hotuba yake, na hata kucheza nao katika mpangilio maalum. Kwa kweli kwa ajili hiyo na Wagiriki wa kale na kuundwa mbinu hii.
  4. Kukariri maneno mapya ya kigeni, si lazima (badala ufanisi) cramming yao monotonous, kutumia chama. Mawazo yako inaweza kusaidia neno kigeni na wewe na kukupa picha muhimu, ambayo ni basi kuweka mantiki sahihi maana ya neno katika lugha yako ya asili. Na kisha, kwa rundo la maneno na kufikiria baadhi ya picha mkali. Kwa mfano, kukumbuka neno dresser (mfanyakazi, chumbani), kufikiria kwamba baraza la mawaziri ni katika chumba cha kulala yako, ambapo mavazi get dresseddresser Au kufikiria locker huo kamili ya nzuri dresses — nguo, sawa dressdresser
  5. Hatimaye, ni lazima kuwa rahisi kukumbuka orodha yoyote ya dhana fulani (kwa mfano, wakati maandalizi kwa ajili ya mitihani), na kisha hata baada ya kipindi kirefu bila jitihada za kukumbuka yake katika nguvu kamili.

The Memory Palace Technique pia anajulikana kwa majina kama vile The Loci System (/ lo ʊˌ sa ɪ / pl Idadi ya Kilatini.. locus — nafasi) au the Method of Loci (njia ya loci). Kwa kweli ni sawa, tofauti tu ni kwamba hapa hatuna haja «jumba», badala yake kutumia njia pekee ya harakati, kama vile sightseeing au maslahi mengine yoyote, na muhimu zaidi wewe ni maeneo ya ukoo. Na katika maeneo mengine yote vyema: kufuatia njia, tunahitaji kupata vyama kati ya mahali na maelezo kwamba, ukweli wa mambo, dhana, ambayo tungependa kukumbuka.

Kutoka kwenye nadharia ya kufanya mazoezi. Hivyo ni jinsi gani kutumia mbinu hii katika maisha halisi, na matokeo gani husaidia kufanikisha? Hii itasababisha yetu, Andy Bell, ambaye alishinda michuano ya dunia mwaka 2002 kukariri.

How to train your memory

  • Neural / nj ʊə r ə l / pathway — njia neural.
  • A route / ru:t, ra ʊ t / — njia, bila shaka, safari.
  • Brain sells — seli za ubongo.
  • To retrieve / r ɪ tri:v / facts — ili kutoa ukweli kutoka kumbukumbu kukumbuka.
  • To trigger / tr ɪ g ɚ / the same pathway — sababu; kukimbia; kuchochea.
  • To recall the exact position — kukumbuka exact eneo / chumba.
  • A deck of cards — karata.
  • To shuffle cards — changa kadi.
  • Literally — literally, hasa.
  • In rapid succession / r æ p ə ds ə k s ɛʃə n / — katika mfululizo haraka.
  • To be up — hadi mwisho.
  • Referee / ˌ r ɛ f ə ri: / — hakimu.
  • At random — kwa kubahatisha, upofu.
  • Six of spades — sita wa reki.
  • Queen of hearts — Malkia wa Hearts.
  • Ten of diamonds — kumi ya almasi.
  • King of diamonds — mfalme wa almasi.
  • The ace of hearts — Ace wa mioyo.
  • Jack of clubs — jack ya klabu.
  • No matter — haijalishi, haijalishi.
  • To father — kujenga, mzulia; mzulia.
  • Memory technique — kuhifadhi mashine.
  • Landmark — kihistoria wa kihistoria; huonekana kitu juu ya ardhi.
  • To establish a route — kujenga; kuandaa.
  • A saw / s ɑ: / — msumeno.
  • Cast of characters — wahusika zilizopo.
  • Conventionally / k ə n v ɛ n ʃə nl ̟ i / — muda wa majaribio; Jadi, kwa kawaida.
  • Location — eneo tovuti, maeneo maalum.
  • Advantage — faida.
  • Astonishing / ə st :n ɪʃɪŋ / fits of memory – mali ya kushangaza / kuonyesha kumbukumbu.

“ It’s one thing to fill your brain with facts, it’s quite another thing though to remember them. So how do we do it? Well, memorizing something is rather like what happens when we set up a line of dominoes. When we commit a fact of memory we create a neural pathway to it – a route of connecting brain cells to whatever that memory’s stored in our brain and to retrieve those facts all we have to do is to trigger the same pathway back to them. It sounds easy, and for some people at least it really is. This is Andi Bell. In 2002 he was crowned World Memory Champion. But just how good is he? Today we’ve set him a test: he is going to try to recall the exact position of every single card in ten whole decks . That’s 520 cards that have been shuffled by us. And he’s only got 20 minutes to look at them. Andi has developed a special technique which allows him to remember literally thousands of items in rapid succession . The twenty minutes are up . Can Andi remember the position of the cards our referee selects at random ?

—          So deck #1 the very first card you saw?

—          First card was the six of spades .

—          The same deck card #23?

—          The twenty third card was the queen of hearts .

—          Deck 2, card #27?

—          Ten of diamonds .

No matter how many cards we fathered him: “ That was the king of diamonds ” , – Andi remembered them perfectly: “ 48th card was the ace of hearts ” . In fact, Andi is able to recall all 520 cards: “ ” . In fact, Andi is able to recall all 520 cards: “ zote ” , – every one correct and in a right order: “ Queen of spades ” . So, what’s his secret? ” . In fact, Andi is able to recall all 520 cards: “ Jack of clubs ” , – every one correct and in a right order: “ Queen of spades ” . So, what’s his secret?

Before he even sits down with a deck of cards Andi uses his memory technique . He takes a walk round London visiting a series of . He takes a walk round London visiting a series of landmarks in a particular order. Number 1 might be the Houses of Parliament and number 2 – Westminster Bridge. He walks the route several times in a particular order. Number 1 might be the Houses of Parliament and number 2 – Westminster Bridge. He walks the route several times in a particular order. Number 1 might be the Houses of Parliament and number 2 – Westminster Bridge. He walks the route several times to establish it in his mind. But that’s just the first stage, the second is putting his imagination to work. in his mind. But that’s just the first stage, the second is putting his imagination to work. ya pili ni kuweka mawazo yake kufanya kazi. in his mind. But that’s just the first stage, the second is putting his imagination to work.

When I memorize a deck of cards I turn each card into a picture and this is a colorful animal or object that I’ve learned to associate with that particular card.

The jack of clubs becomes a little bear, the nine of diamonds – a saw , and the two of spades – a pineapple. Then Andi puts the two stages together – in his mind he imagines walking around London on his route and when he passes the Houses of Parliament he imagines the little bear with the saw and pineapple. Andi creates a journey in his mind with this , and the two of spades – a pineapple. Then Andi puts the two stages together – in his mind he imagines walking around London on his route and when he passes the Houses of Parliament he imagines the little bear with the saw and pineapple. Andi creates a journey in his mind with this katika akili yake yeye imagines kutembea karibu London juu ya njia yake na wakati yeye hupita Nyumba ya Bunge yeye imagines kubeba kidogo na kuona na mananasi. , and the two of spades – a pineapple. Then Andi puts the two stages together – in his mind he imagines walking around London on his route and when he passes the Houses of Parliament he imagines the little bear with the saw and pineapple. Andi creates a journey in his mind with this , and the two of spades – a pineapple. Then Andi puts the two stages together – in his mind he imagines walking around London on his route and when he passes the Houses of Parliament he imagines the little bear with the saw and pineapple. Andi creates a journey in his mind with this cast of characters

As a child I had conventionally good memory. But once you learn a technique, like the location method I use, it takes everything beyond what you could possibly do naturally. good memory. But once you learn a technique, like the location method I use, it takes everything beyond what you could possibly do naturally. eneo mbinu mimi kutumia, inachukua kila kitu zaidi ya kile unaweza uwezekano kufanya kawaida. good memory. But once you learn a technique, like the location method I use, it takes everything beyond what you could possibly do naturally.

Scientists have discovered that our mind is better at remembering a route between the locations then it is at remembering unconnected facts and figures.

I think I have the same mental equipment as everybody else. So, it’s something anybody can do. I think I have the same mental equipment as everybody else. So, it’s something anybody can do.

When we use simple stories to memorize facts we’re creating several pathways to where those memories are formed in the brain. It’s as if instead of lining up one set of dominoes we are setting up several. The reason we often have difficulties at retrieving our memory is because one neural pathway can easily get broken. But by having several different pathways to our memory it means that if one doesn’t manage to reach it, another one will. That’s the sisi ni kujenga njia kadhaa ambapo kumbukumbu hizo hutengenezwa katika ubongo. When we use simple stories to memorize facts we’re creating several pathways to where those memories are formed in the brain. It’s as if instead of lining up one set of dominoes we are setting up several. The reason we often have difficulties at retrieving our memory is because one neural pathway can easily get broken. But by having several different pathways to our memory it means that if one doesn’t manage to reach it, another one will. That’s the seti moja ya dhumna sisi ni kuanzisha kadhaa. When we use simple stories to memorize facts we’re creating several pathways to where those memories are formed in the brain. It’s as if instead of lining up one set of dominoes we are setting up several. The reason we often have difficulties at retrieving our memory is because one neural pathway can easily get broken. But by having several different pathways to our memory it means that if one doesn’t manage to reach it, another one will. That’s the kumbukumbu zetu ni kwa sababu moja neural njia kupata urahisi kuvunjwa. When we use simple stories to memorize facts we’re creating several pathways to where those memories are formed in the brain. It’s as if instead of lining up one set of dominoes we are setting up several. The reason we often have difficulties at retrieving our memory is because one neural pathway can easily get broken. But by having several different pathways to our memory it means that if one doesn’t manage to reach it, another one will. That’s the ya kumbukumbu ina maana kwamba kama mtu hana kusimamia kufikia hilo, mtu mwingine mapenzi. When we use simple stories to memorize facts we’re creating several pathways to where those memories are formed in the brain. It’s as if instead of lining up one set of dominoes we are setting up several. The reason we often have difficulties at retrieving our memory is because one neural pathway can easily get broken. But by having several different pathways to our memory it means that if one doesn’t manage to reach it, another one will. That’s the When we use simple stories to memorize facts we’re creating several pathways to where those memories are formed in the brain. It’s as if instead of lining up one set of dominoes we are setting up several. The reason we often have difficulties at retrieving our memory is because one neural pathway can easily get broken. But by having several different pathways to our memory it means that if one doesn’t manage to reach it, another one will. That’s the advantage of the story technique. It creates lots of neural pathways in our brain and all our brains can work in this way which is why everyone can use this method. By using a story to memorize facts we all have the potential to perform of the story technique. It creates lots of neural pathways in our brain and all our brains can work in this way which is why everyone can use this method. By using a story to memorize facts we all have the potential to perform ubongo na akili zetu zote wanaweza kufanya kazi kwa njia hii ambayo ni kwa nini kila mtu anaweza kutumia njia hii. of the story technique. It creates lots of neural pathways in our brain and all our brains can work in this way which is why everyone can use this method. By using a story to memorize facts we all have the potential to perform of the story technique. It creates lots of neural pathways in our brain and all our brains can work in this way which is why everyone can use this method. By using a story to memorize facts we all have the potential to perform astonishing fits of memory »

Kama ambavyo tumejifunza, The Memory Palace Technique kutusaidia kukumbuka taarifa yoyote (ukweli, dhana, maneno ya kigeni) na kwa bidii ya pekee, hata kutufanya bingwa kukariri. Mbinu hii si ngumu na hauhitaji uwezo maalum, kila mmoja wetu anaweza kupata matumizi kwa ajili yake, na kisha kuvuna ya maonyesho ya kushangaza ya kumbukumbu za binadamu. Na katika hitimisho la makala hii, nimechagua chache Kiingereza Memory Idioms ambayo ni maneno sawa kutumiwa na sisi katika maisha ya kila siku:

  • Haven’t a clue — hawakuwa na wazo lolote (kuhusu kitu chochote).

    I haven’t a clue what the capital of Ukraine is. Can you help me?

  • Slip one’s mind — kuruka nje ya kichwa chake; kusahau kitu chochote.

    I was going to call you but I’m afraid it completely slipped my mind.

  • You “ can’t make head nor tail ” of smth — hawezi kuelewa kitu.

    I’m trying to assemble this IKEA table and I can’t make head nor tail of the instructions.

  • Lose one’s train of thoughts — kupoteza mtiririko wa mawazo yako; kusahau kuhusu yale tu alisema.

    “ Sorry, I’ve lost my train of thoughts. What was I saying? ”

  • On the tip of one’s tongue — lugha ya spins.

    What’s that man’s name again? It’s on the tip of my tongue.

  • Beats me! — Siwezi kufikiria! Sijui!

    It beats me why this coffee machine won’t work. Everything appears OK with it.

  • Rack one’s brain — kichwa kuvunja.

    I’ve been racking my brain trying to remember the name of that film we saw last week.

 

Wanafunzi

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