In Grammar By Victoria

Swali mbadala kwa lugha ya Kiingereza

Katika lugha ya Kiingereza, kuna aina tano ya maswali: ujumla general question maalum special question mgawanyo disjunctive / tag question mbadala alernative question suala kwa somo na swali question to the subject Ili kujifunza zaidi kuhusu kila moja ya maswali haya, na unaweza kuona «Aina ya maswali au hukumu interrogative katika lugha ya Kiingereza», ambayo iko katika «Grammar» kwenye blog yetu. Katika makala hii, sisi kuchunguza swali mbadala kwa Kiingereza.

Ni swali inaitwa mbadala?

Aina hii ya swali katika lugha ya Kiingereza, ambayo ina maana uchaguzi wa watu wawili, vitu, matendo, sifa, nk Swali hili inaweza kuweka kwa mwanachama yeyote wa pendekezo. Yaani, swali mbadala — swali ambazo zitatumika katika Umoja or (au).

Mwanzo wa swali mbadala inaweza kuwa msaidizi au modal verb. Kwa mfano, chukua pendekezo la kuunda maswali: He sent a beautiful postcard to his mother two days ago. It is very warm outside at this time of the year. Hiyo ni nini inaweza kuwa mbadala kwa swali la kwanza akisema:

Did he send a postcard or a letter two days ago? – siku mbili zilizopita? Did he send a postcard or a letter two days ago? – Did he send a postcard or a letter two days ago? – Alimtuma Postcard au barua siku mbili zilizopita?

Did he send a postcard to his mother yesterday or two days ago? – jana siku moja au mbili zilizopita? Did he send a postcard to his mother yesterday or two days ago? – Did he send a postcard to his mother yesterday or two days ago? – Alimtuma mama yake Postcard jana siku moja au mbili zilizopita?

Did he send the postcard to his mother or his sister? – au dada yake? Did he send the postcard to his mother or his sister? – Did he send the postcard to his mother or his sister? – Alimtuma Postcard kwa mama au dada yake?

Lakini maswali mbadala kwa pendekezo:

Is it cold or warm outside? – Is it cold or warm outside? – Juu ya mitaani joto au baridi?

Is it warm inside or ouside? – Is it warm inside or ouside? – Joto mitaani au nyumbani?

Is it often warm outside or only at this time of the year? – wakati huu wa mwaka? Is it often warm outside or only at this time of the year? – Is it often warm outside or only at this time of the year? – Mitaani ni mara nyingi joto au tu kwa wakati huu wa mwaka?

Kama swali mbadala ina si moja msaidizi kitendo, lakini kadhaa, kwanza sisi kuweka mbele ya somo, na wengine tu baada yake.

He has been studying for several years. – He has been studying for several years. – Yeye ni kusoma kwa miaka kadhaa.
Has he been studying or working for several years? – ya miaka? Has he been studying or working for several years? – Has he been studying or working for several years? – Yeye ni mwanafunzi au kufanya kazi miaka michache?

Mbadala swali kwa Kiingereza pia kuanza kwa neno swali. Kisha swali hili ni moja kwa moja kutoka suala maalum, ikifuatiwa na mbili sehemu ya jinsi moja ya hukumu, ambayo ni kushikamana na muungano au. Kwa mfano:

When were you interrupted: at the beginning or in the middle of your speech? — au katikati ya hotuba yako? When were you interrupted: at the beginning or in the middle of your speech? — When were you interrupted: at the beginning or in the middle of your speech? — Wakati wewe ni kuingiliwa katika mwanzo au katikati ya hotuba?

Kama swali mbadala inahusiana na somo, somo la pili ni daima kutanguliwa na msaidizi au modal verb. Kwa mfano: Did you tell her the truth, or did he
Jinsi ya kujibu aina hii ya swali katika Kiingereza? Dhahiri ndiyo / hapana jibu, katika suala ujumla, itakuwa si kugeuka. Majibu lazima kamili na mantiki hitimisho. Kwa mfano:

Will he try to take part in this or next competitions? – au ijayo mashindano? Will he try to take part in this or next competitions? – Will he try to take part in this or next competitions? – Yeye kujaribu kushiriki katika mashindano haya au baada ya hapo?

Ya aina zote za maswali kwa Kiingereza mbadala ni moja ya njia rahisi. Kwa hiyo, utafiti wa swali mbadala kwa Kiingereza si kuchukua mengi ya muda wako.

 

Grammar

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