In Grammar By Victoria

Muhimu kwa Kiingereza – imperative mood

Kama inajulikana, katika Kiingereza kuna hisia tatu moods dalili indicative mood subjunctive subjunctive mood na muhimu imperative mood Imperative katika Kiingereza linaonyesha motisha kwa hatua, ambayo ni unahitajika kwa mfumo wa amri, maombi, ushauri, mialiko, kukataza, amri, nk Kwa mfano:

Give me this magazine. – Give me this magazine. – Nipe gazeti.

Aina muhimu kitendo katika lugha ya Kiingereza: mifano na sheria

Sasa hebu angalia aina gani muhimu kitendo kwa Kiingereza.

  1. Usawa wa kijinsia forma.1. Aina hii ya kitendo muhimu kwa lugha ya Kiingereza ni kuwakilishwa na nauni bila chembe to yaani, fomu kumbukumbu katika kamusi. Somo katika hukumu hiyo huko. Kwa kawaida, amri, maombi, nk kushughulikiwa na uso wa pili kama umoja na wingi fomu.
  2. Stand up! – Stand up! – Arise (wale)!

    Go on writing! – Go on writing! – Kuendelea (ndio) kuandika!

    Stop talking! – Stop talking! – Stop (wale) kwa majadiliano!

    Kama tunahitaji kutaja mtu wa kwanza au wa tatu na misaada ya kitendo let (basi), ikifuatiwa na kitu moja kwa moja (nomino au kiwakilishi). Aidha hii amefafanua mtu ambaye alitoa amri au ambao ni kuuliza kwa kitu chochote. Ni tamati ya ujenzi wa kitendo nauni bila chembe to

    Let him behave this way! – Let him behave this way! – Hebu ina tabia njia hii!

    Let me buy you a present! – Let me buy you a present! – Napenda kununua zawadi!

    Let them help you! – Let them help you! – Waache kukusaidia!

    Kujaribu kueleza simu au mwaliko wa hatua ya pamoja kwa ajili ya malezi ya aina hiyo ya muhimu katika ujenzi wa lugha ya Kiingereza kutumika let us let’s Kutafsiri ni neno «basi» au kuachwa kabisa.

    Let’s join them! – Let’s join them! – Hebu kujiunga nao!

    Let’s discuss an urgent question! – Let’s discuss an urgent question! – Hebu kujadili suala muhimu!

    Let’s play football! – Let’s play football! – Hebu kucheza soka!

  3. Kama tunazungumzia kuhusu kupiga marufuku kitu chochote, sisi kurejea kwa mfumo hasi ya hali ya kuamuru katika lugha ya Kiingereza. Ni iliyoundwa kwa msaada wa kitenzi msaidizi to do katika hali ya kuamuru na chembe hasi not ikifuatiwa na kitendo nauni bila to Ni zinageuka — do not (don’t
  4. Do not use cellphones here! — Do not use cellphones here! — Je, matumizi ya simu za mkononi hapa!

    Don’t close the door! – Don’t close the door! – Je, si kufunga mlango!

    Don’t let her believe his words! – Don’t let her believe his words! – Je, si basi yake kuamini kwake!

  5. Heshima muhimu mfumo wa lugha ya Kiingereza ni walionyesha kwa neno please (tafadhali), ambayo inasimamia mwanzoni au mwishoni mwa sentensi.
  6. Come to me, please! – Come to me, please! – Njooni kwangu, tafadhali!

    Don’t share this information with him, please! – tafadhali! Don’t share this information with him, please! – Don’t share this information with him, please! – Je, si kumwambia kuhusu habari, tafadhali!

    Please, give me some money! – Please, give me some money! – Tafadhali, nipe baadhi ya fedha!

  7. Hatimaye, sisi kutaja aina kuimarishwa ya hali ya kuamuru katika lugha ya Kiingereza. Katika kesi hiyo, sisi kuweka kitendo to do kabla ya kitendo katika hali ya kuamuru.
  8. Do read this book! – Do read this book! – Kuwa na uhakika wa kusoma kitabu hiki!

    Do stand up! – Do stand up! – Ndiyo, unaweza kuinuka!

    Do forgive me, please; I did not want to offend you! – Do forgive me, please; I did not want to offend you! – Naam, kuhusu c Titus yangu, tafadhali, mimi si maana ya linawafanya muwe na mashaka!

Wakati kutengeneza hali ya kuamuru katika Kiingereza, unahitaji kutumia vitenzi viwili mahali kati ya Umoja wa and

Go and tell him to come back! – Go and tell him to come back! – Nenda na kumwambia arudi!

Kama kuna kielezi always (daima), na never (kamwe), nafasi yao mbele ya vitendo semantic:

Always be ready to take your words back! – Always be ready to take your words back! – Daima kuwa tayari kuchukua nyuma!

 

Grammar

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