In Grammar By Victoria

Modal verb NEED

Hapa kitendo need ni «mbili-wanakabiliwa.» Ni inaweza kuwa si tu modal lakini maana semantic «haja ya kuwa na haja ya kuwa vizuri». Kwa hiyo, kuwa makini wakati wa mbio na mapendekezo yaliyomo modal verb need (na labda yeye si wakati wote modal).

We need your help. – We need your help. – Tunahitaji msaada wako. (maana kitendo)

We needn’t stay up late. – We needn’t stay up late. – Hatuna haja ya kwenda kulala marehemu. (modal verb)

Pia kumbuka kwamba kitendo semantic need unaweza kutumia wakati wote.

I need to see you. — I need to see you. — Mimi nilikuwa na kuwaona.

I needed your help yesterday. — I needed your help yesterday. — Jana, mimi wanahitaji msaada wako.

I will need you always. — I will need you always. — Wewe ni daima kwenda haja yangu.

Pamoja na hayo, thamani ya kitendo cha utaratibu need si tofauti sana na maana ya msingi wa maana kitendo. Modal verb need ipo ili kueleza haja ya kufanya kitu. Katika lugha ya Kirusi kitendo cha utaratibu ni kawaida zinaa na maneno «hakuna haja ya, lazima lazima.»

Need you take more care of your kids? – Need you take more care of your kids? – Unahitaji kulipa kipaumbele zaidi kwa watoto?

Kama sisi kukutana hukumu hasi na modal verb need kumbuka kwamba katika kesi hii yeye kueleza hakuna haja ya ruhusa ya kufanya kitu (huwezi kufanya au hawana).

We needn’t work so much. – We needn’t work so much. – Hatuna haja ya kufanya kazi sana.

Chaguzi kwa ajili ya matumizi ya kitendo need katika hukumu hasi mbili: you don’t need (kama semantic) / you needn’t (kama modal). Tofauti kati yao ni karibu hakuna. Hivyo mara nyingi katika ujenzi wa mapendekezo hayo ni semantic kitendo need. Na kwa mujibu wa swali moja — Do I need to….?

Do you really need my help? – You needn’t worry. – Do you really need my help? – You needn’t worry. – Je, kweli wanahitaji msaada wangu? — Hapana, msiwe na wasiwasi.

You don’t need to finish the work if you are to leave, it can wait. – kama wewe ni kuondoka, inaweza kusubiri. You don’t need to finish the work if you are to leave, it can wait. – You don’t need to finish the work if you are to leave, it can wait. – Huwezi kuwa na kumaliza kazi hivi sasa. Kama unahitaji kwenda, kazi wanaweza kusubiri.

I didn’t need a coffee break. – I didn’t need a coffee break. – Sina haja ya mapumziko (kahawa).

Na jambo moja zaidi: modal verb need katika hasi needn’t pamoja na nauni kamili inatuonyesha kwamba hatua imekuwa nia, lakini ambao hakukuwa na haja.

You needn’t have taken your umbrella. – You needn’t have taken your umbrella. – Wewe alichukua mwavuli bila mafanikio.

I needn’t have gone there. – I needn’t have gone there. – Sitakuwa kwenda huko.

Mada hii ni karibu kuhusiana na wengine kama ilivyoelezwa katika makala ambayo haja ya kulipa kipaumbele:

  • «Modal kitendo MUST
  • «Kitendo cha utaratibu HAVE TO
  • Should, must au have to – kitendo cha utaratibu kuchagua? »
  • «Kitendo cha utaratibu TO BE TO
  • «Kitendo cha utaratibu SHALL (SHOULD)

Baada ya kusoma yao, sisi kupendekeza kupita mtihani zifuatazo: «. Mtihani # 2 juu ya matumizi ya vitendo vya utaratibu katika lugha ya Kiingereza»

 

Grammar

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