In Grammar By Victoria

Modal kitendo MUST

Tofauti na hayo vitendo vya utaratibu Kiingereza kama can na may katika kitendo cha utaratibu must fomu moja tu — must katika rahisi wakati uliopo. Na fomu hii inaonyesha kwamba operesheni inahusu sasa au wakati ujao. Kwa mfano:

He must take better care of himself. — He must take better care of himself. — Alikuwa na kuchukua huduma bora ya wewe mwenyewe.

Must you leave tomorrow? – Must you leave tomorrow? – Una kuondoka kesho?

Hotuba ya moja kwa moja katika Kiingereza modal verb must si kupitia mabadiliko yoyote, na kauli katika kesi hii haina kazi:

The boss said to the secretary that she must leave the office at 5 pm – lazima kuondoka ofisi katika The boss said to the secretary that she must leave the office at 5 pm – Katibu Mkuu Kiongozi alisema kuwa yeye lazima kuacha kazi saa kumi na moja jioni.

Mwenyewe modal verb must kuwajibika kwa usemi wa wajibu kwa Kiingereza. Lakini, kama imekuwa alisema, ni tu fomu moja ambayo ni wakati uliopo. Kama tunataka kutumia hotuba yetu ni kazi ya «wajibu», lakini kuzungumza juu wakati nyuma au baadaye, huduma zetu modal verb have to Au sawa na modal verb mustto be obliged to They were obliged to fulfill his order — Tulikuwa na kutii amri zake). Kwa habari kuhusu vitendo vya utaratibu na mifano ya matumizi yake, unaweza kuona katika makala kujitoa kwake — «modal verb HAVE TO

Tunapotumia modal verb must

Kama kawaida, tutaangalia hali ya wakati sisi haja yake kitendo cha utaratibu wa kueleza:

  1. Wajibu, ulazima au dolg.Vot nini itakuwa kutafsiriwa katika algorithm kutumia kitendo cha utaratibu must

    Smb must (has to) do smth – — mtu anahitaji, mtu ana kufanya kitu;

    Smb had to do smth – ilibidi mtu, ilibidi, mtu alikuwa na kufanya kitu;

    Smb will have to do smth – mtu anaweza kuwa na, na kufanya kitu chochote;

    Linapokuja suala la matumizi ya kitendo cha utaratibu must mtu kwanza umoja (yaani kwa neno «me» — I ina maana kwamba mtu unaweka juu ya ahadi mwanga kufanya kitu, kwa chochote kanuni yako ndani kumlazimu mwenyewe kwa kufanya hivyo -au. Nuance Hii ni muhimu kabisa kwa sababu ni tofauti kati modal verbs must na have to kazi «wajibu.»

    My matches have fallen out. I must go and buy them. – My matches have fallen out. I must go and buy them. – Mimi waliopotea mechi zote. Tunahitaji kununua zaidi.

    He realized he must do it. – He realized he must do it. – Alitambua kwamba anapaswa kufanya hivyo.

    I must study English. – I must study English. – Mimi haja ya kujifunza Kiingereza.

  2. Marufuku katika hukumu hasi.

    You must follow the instructions and mustn’t press the button. – waandishi wa habari kifungo. You must follow the instructions and mustn’t press the button. – You must follow the instructions and mustn’t press the button. – Lazima kufuata maelekezo, huwezi bonyeza kifungo hii.

    You mustn’t come home late. – You mustn’t come home late. – Huwezi kuja nyumbani marehemu.

    Kumbuka kwamba kitendo cha utaratibu must maana yake ni madhubuti marufuku kufanya chochote ambacho ni kupita kwa neno «haiwezekani.» Kama sisi tu wanataka kueleza kile unapaswa kufanya kitu au si kufanya kitu, ina maana kwamba hii si muhimu, haijalishi (hata kama hawana, haijalishi), sisi kuomba msaada modal verbs have to na need (ambayo pia kujadiliwa katika makala tofauti — «kitendo cha utaratibu ni NEED Katika kesi hiyo, watakuwa na fomu hasi — don’t have to na needn’t

    Must we hurry? You needn’t hurry! – Must we hurry? You needn’t hurry! – Sisi ni katika haraka? Hakuna, hatuna haja ya haraka.

    Must I send the fax and sign the contract today? – You needn’t send the fax, but you certainly must sign the contract. – mkataba leo? Must I send the fax and sign the contract today? – You needn’t send the fax, but you certainly must sign the contract. – lakini wewe hakika lazima saini mkataba. Must I send the fax and sign the contract today? – You needn’t send the fax, but you certainly must sign the contract. – Must I send the fax and sign the contract today? – You needn’t send the fax, but you certainly must sign the contract. – Mimi kutuma fax na kutia saini mkataba leo? Fax hawawezi kupeleka, lakini ni muhimu kutia saini mkataba.

  3. Kuendelea baraza utaratibu.

    You mustn’t cry. – You mustn’t cry. – Hakuna haja ya kulia. Usilie!

    You must stay here. – You must stay here. – Lazima kukaa hapa!

    You must read more books in the origin. – You must read more books in the origin. – Ni lazima kusoma vitabu zaidi katika asili.

  4. Dhana. Kipengele hiki kwa upande wa hukumu usawa wa kijinsia. Kama unakumbuka, katika maelezo ya sifa za vitenzi can na may tulikuwa asilimia wadogo ili kuamua kama asilimia ya shahada ya uhakika au ya shaka, ambayo ina hasa modal verb. Hivyo, modal verb must kuwa na 90% hakika, uwezekano kwamba matukio kama inavyoelezwa kilichotokea, kinachotokea au kitatokea. Dhana hii unaweza kuwa na uhakika wa kutafsiri katika Urusi kwa kutumia maneno «inapaswa kuwa pengine inaonekana uwezekano, pengine.»

    He must be here already. – He must be here already. – Yeye ni pengine tayari hapa.

    What everybody says must be true. – What everybody says must be true. – Hiyo, kama wanasema kila kitu ni uwezekano wa kweli.

    He must be very strong. Look at his bicepses. – He must be very strong. Look at his bicepses. – Ni lazima kuwa na nguvu sana. Angalia biceps wake!

    Wakati tunatarajia kitu katika wakati huu wa sasa, ni vyema kutumia nauni kwa muda mrefu wakati — infinitive continuous

    He must be living somewhere in Crimea. – He must be living somewhere in Crimea. – Yeye pengine anaishi mahali fulani katika Crimea.

    They must be playing in the yard. – They must be playing in the yard. – Ni lazima wamekuwa kucheza katika yadi.

    Na, bila shaka, si kupuuzwa nauni kamili baada modal verb must Alielezea hati ya kukamilika kwa hatua.

    She must have been about twenty then. – She must have been about twenty then. – Baada ya hapo labda miaka ishirini.

    He must have forgotten about it. – He must have forgotten about it. – Ni lazima kuwa wamesahau kuhusu hilo.

    He must have failed to get tickets. – He must have failed to get tickets. – Lazima atakuwa ameshindwa kuchukua tiketi.

Mada hii ni karibu kuhusiana na wengine kama ilivyoelezwa katika makala ambayo haja ya kulipa kipaumbele:

  • «Kitendo cha utaratibu HAVE TO
  • «Kitendo cha utaratibu ni NEED
  • Should, must au have to – kitendo cha utaratibu kuchagua? »
  • «Kitendo cha utaratibu TO BE TO
  • «Kitendo cha utaratibu SHALL (SHOULD)

Baada ya kusoma yao, sisi kupendekeza kupita mtihani zifuatazo: «. Mtihani # 2 juu ya matumizi ya vitendo vya utaratibu katika lugha ya Kiingereza»

 

Grammar

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