In Grammar By Victoria

Makala ya majina ya kibinafsi

Makala hii ni ya tatu katika mfululizo wa vifaa vya juu ya «Makala ya majina yao wenyewe.» Katika kesi hiyo, sisi majadiliano juu ya matumizi ya majina binafsi ya makala articles with personal names Kanuni ya jumla ni yafuatayo: kwanza na ya mwisho majina ya watu, majina ya mnyama na majina ya utani ni kawaida kutumika bila makala katika lugha ya Kiingereza, hata kama ni akiongozana na ufafanuzi maelezo old young poor dear honest nk). Kwa mfano: old Jacob poor Crane lucky Jessica little Betty na wengine.

Hata hivyo, ni lazima kuzingatia idadi ya matukio ya matumizi ya makala na majina ya mtu binafsi. Wakati sisi kuamua kutumia muda usiojulikana makala jina la kibinafsi:

  1. Kama nomino binafsi inahusu familia au mtu ambaye ana jina hilo.

    A certain Safonov wants you on the phone. – A certain Safonov wants you on the phone. – Baadhi Safonov anauliza wewe kwa simu.

    Alexander Mogilev comes from the Benois, and like a Benois is very talented. – kama Benois ni wenye vipaji sana. Alexander Mogilev comes from the Benois, and like a Benois is very talented. – Alexander Mogilev comes from the Benois, and like a Benois is very talented. – Alexander Mogilev ni kizazi cha Benoit, na Benoit kama yoyote yeye ni wenye vipaji sana.

  2. Wakati majina binafsi ni majina hesabika, inaweza kutumika kwa makala kwa muda usiojulikana kama:
    • jina la msanii, inventor, viwanda ni muhimu kwa kutaja kazi zake, kazi, bidhaa premium:

      This small museum has a Picasso. — This small museum has a Picasso. — Hii makumbusho ndogo ina uchoraji na Picasso.

      Mine is a Panasonic, not a Sony. – Mine is a Panasonic, not a Sony. – My (kusema, kamera) kutoka Panasonic, lakini si Sony.

      The film won an Oscar for Best Foreign Film. – Mkono. The film won an Oscar for Best Foreign Film. – The film won an Oscar for Best Foreign Film. – Filamu hii ilishinda Oscar katika jamii «Best Film Nje».

    • jina la kibinafsi amefafanua sifa ya kawaida ya mbeba (si mtu):

      Poor darling looks like a Cinderella. – Poor darling looks like a Cinderella. – Msichana maskini inaonekana kama Cinderella.

Katika kesi hizi, ni lazima kutumia nakala moja kwa jina la kibinafsi:

  1. Kama kuna jina binafsi, au kikwazo ufafanuzi wa hali ya:

    I met Joanna Rowling. – Do you mean the Joanna Rowling? (who wrote books about Harry Potter). I met Joanna Rowling. – Do you mean the Joanna Rowling? (who wrote books about Harry Potter). nilikutana na JK Rowling. Una maana kwamba JK Rowling? (aliyeandika vitabu Harry Potter).

  2. Kama sisi kutumia wingi majina kuelezea familia nzima:

    The Coltons have a big house near the lake. – na ziwa. The Coltons have a big house near the lake. – The Coltons have a big house near the lake. – Katika Colton kubwa nyumba karibu na ziwa.

  3. Kala sahihi kutumika kwa majina binafsi, denoting jina msimamo, cheo cha kazi:
    • the Queen of England ( wa Uingereza)
    • the President of Ukraine ( Rais)
    • the Secretary of State ( wa Jimbo)
    • the PR manager ( wa Uhusiano wa Umma)
    • Peter the Great ( Mkuu)
    • Ivan the Terrible ( ya kutisha).

    Lakini kumbuka kuwa maneno hayo katika mchanganyiko mengine, kama vile msamiati nyingine kuhusiana na kundi hili, ni kutumika bila makala:

    • Queen Elizabeth ( Elizabeth)
    • President Bush ( Bush)
    • Doctor Benton ( Benton)
    • Professor Kerling ( Curling)
    • Captain Switson ( Svitson)
    • Mister Franklyn ( Franklin).

Makala ya majina ya kibinafsi si kutumika katika kampuni:

  1. Majina ya wanafamilia wanaotumia wenyewe watu wa familia hii kutoa ujamaa. Majina hayo vingeandikwa na barua mji mkuu:

    Hello, Papa! Hello, Mama! Is Baby still asleep? – Hello, Papa! Hello, Mama! Is Baby still asleep? – Hi, Baba! Hi, Mama! Mtoto bado amelala?

    Hata hivyo, kama kuna ni kutokana na mahusiano nje ya familia, anakumbuka nakala moja.

  2. Utunzaji:

    Well, young man, have you been drinking again? – kunywa tena? Well, young man, have you been drinking again? – Well, young man, have you been drinking again? – Naam, kijana … Wewe ni mlevi ? Can I speak to you, professor? – ? Can I speak to you, professor? – ? Can I speak to you, professor? – Profesa, naweza kuzungumza na wewe?

Mada hii ni karibu kuhusiana na wengine kama ilivyoelezwa katika makala ambayo haja ya kulipa kipaumbele:

  • «Makala ya saruji na majina abstract»
  • «Ibara ya kipekee majina»
  • «Ibara kwa majina sahihi»
  • «Makala ya majina ya kijiografia»

Baada ya kusoma yao, sisi kupendekeza kupita mtihani zifuatazo: «. Mtihani # 2 juu ya matumizi ya makala katika lugha ya Kiingereza»

 

Grammar

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