In Kesi By Victoria

Macho ya wageni Uingereza: British Museum (the British Museum)

Ilianzishwa mwaka 1753, Makumbusho ya Uingereza sasa ni moja ya dunia ya hazina utamaduni. Kama makumbusho wengi, yeye alionekana kwa misingi ya mkusanyiko binafsi, asili yake yalikuwa daktari na naturalist Hansen Sloan, Robert Harley Earl na cha kale Robert Pamba. Sasa Makumbusho ina watu wapatao milioni nane maonyesho kuonyesha kuwa historia ya wanadamu kutoka zamani siku ya leo. Juu ya msingi wa ukusanyaji wa Robert Pamba imeunda maktaba ya kipekee, ambayo mwaka 1972 uamuzi wa Bunge la Uingereza alikuwa kutengwa na Makumbusho na kuanza kuwepo kwake mwenyewe.

Makumbusho ina mkusanyiko isiyokadirika ya sanaa ya Misri ya kale na Mashariki ya kale, Ugiriki ya kale na Roma ya kale, Kati na Asia ya Kusini, Afrika na Oceania, Uingereza na Bara Ulaya, ikiwa ni pamoja na mabaki ya kipekee ya dunia utamaduni wa vipindi tofauti.

Leo Makumbusho ni kudhibitiwa na Mkurugenzi na Bodi ya Wadhamini, linajumuisha watu 25. Mmoja wa wajumbe wa Bodi ya Wadhamini, naibu mwenyekiti wake, ni Bonnie Greer, mwandishi wa Marekani na maoni ya kijamii. Yeye ni maalumu kwa ajili insha yake juu ya matatizo ya wanawake na makabila madogo, kama vile kushikilia wazo kwamba London mara kwa mara nyingine katikati ya kubwa ya kikoloni himaya, sasa imekuwa ni duniani «kitovu» ya mji, kituo cha utamaduni katika mazingira ya utandawazi. Hii ni tabia yake ya London si ajabu kwa sababu Bonnie ni moja kwa moja kuhusiana na British Museum, ambayo inatoa dunia nzima «katika fomu kujilimbikizia.» Tunatoa hadithi fupi (video na maandishi) Bonnie Greer kuhusu maono yake ya Makumbusho ya Uingereza.

Hi, I’m Bonnie Greer.

I’m a playwright, novelist, commentator and I was born on the south side of Chicago. I’ve lived here since 1986 and I’m Deputy Chair of the British Museum. This is See Britain Through My Eyes.

The British Museum is the ultimate Enlightenment institution. We hold a collection of seven million — plus objects and we hold them for all of the world, free to all of the world. So you walk through this dark aperture, this kind of classical Greek temple, the 18th century idea of the Enlightenment. It’s dark and tiny. And suddenly the museum opens up, full of light, full of movement where you see people of all colors and nations. This is like a Tower of Babel in a sense. There’s so many languages represented here.

This museum embodies the notion that we better learn about our own culture in relation to other cultures. And so the colonial era actually turned London into what it still is today: a hub city. So that the notion of globalization, in its good sense, actually you could say began at this place where all the peoples of the world have left behind their story. And so it is right that this collection in this museum sits in the middle of that hub. These objects actually help us to understand how to live together when they are together.

So many objects speak to me in this museum. But the one that really talks to me particularly is the Ashanti drum. It was discovered in Virginia in the middle of the 18th Century and is believed to have been brought there by a captain on a slaver ship. It looks like a tiny little thing here amidst all the other wonderful objects and you know, you may think, «Well, what’s the big deal about this?» I was a young school girl in the beginning of the 60s. And we were told, as black kids, that we had no links to anything and Africa was a savage, crazy, brutal, inhuman place. This drum puts the lie to this idea that there was no such thing as culture in Africa. And the beauty of it, it is here in the British Museum that I’m able to begin to weave that story together for myself. My dad, he was a factory worker. He would buy the Encyclopedia Britannica door-to-door. And of course, the Encyclopedia Britannica had the drawings of the British Museum in it. And so, I became acquainted with the Museum when I was very, very young. So now, to be a part of an institution that my dad read about and talked about to us which was started by an heiress who got a fortune through slavery. And now, at this point where I am here, an immigrant, a foreigner, Deputy Chair of the British Museum.

I think it could only happen here.

Useful words and phrases

  • Playwright — Mtunga (Kumbuka kwamba neno playwright hakuna suffix — er Linganisha: writer
  • Novelist — mwandishi (Usisahau kwamba Kiingereza novel — riwaya, hadithi fupi — short story
  • Ultimate — mwisho, ya mwisho; mwisho, ya mwisho.
  • Enlightenment -. Kuelimisha (kiitikadi mwenendo, ambayo asili katika Ulaya, ambalo wanachama wake kukuzwa utawala wa sababu juu ya hisia Ili kufanikisha hili, umuhimu mkubwa alikuwa masharti usambazaji wa maarifa Katika nchi kadhaa katika Ulaya ya Magharibi kuenea hadi 18 katika Uingereza -.. Kutoka nusu ya 2 ya karne ya 17 ., wawakilishi kubwa:. John Locke nchini Uingereza, Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, P. Holbach, KA Helvetius, Diderot nchini Ufaransa, GE Lessing, I. G. Herder, Schiller, Goethe nchini Ujerumani, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine katika Marekani). Kuelimisha, hasa waandishi, mara nyingi akageuka na mambo ya kale, hivyo Bonnie Greer Elimu anataja katika uhusiano na hekalu Ugiriki.
  • Aperture — ufunguzi shimo, ufunguzi (za mlango).
  • Temple — hekalu, kanisa.
  • Tower of Babel — mnara wa Babeli. Bonnie njia ya mifano inalinganishwa British Museum, mnara wa Babeli, kama inaweza kuonekana katika Makumbusho ya mataifa mbalimbali na kusikia lugha mbalimbali. (Kwa mujibu wa hadithi ya kujenga watu mnara wa Babeli kuzungumza lugha moja Kale, lakini nia ya kupata mbinguni wenyewe, wao kukasirishwa Mungu, ambaye kama matokeo ya lugha hii mchanganyiko, ili watu tena kuelewana na kusimamishwa ujenzi).
  • Embody — kutekeleza (a); kuiwakilisha, kubinafsisha (smth.); kuhusisha (baadhi n. wazo).
  • Hub city — mji wa kituo cha «kitovu» mji. (Sawa na hub airport — kitovu). Bonnie Greer anajua London kama kituo cha utamaduni, kwa hiyo, akimwita hub city
  • Peoples — watu. (Kumbuka: noun people (watu) hana fomu wingi Fomu. peoples ina maana tofauti — mataifa).
  • The Ashanti drum — ngoma Ashanti (Ashanti -. Eneo nchini Ghana kati Ilikuwa zinatokana na Uingereza mwaka 1902, ilikuwa ni sehemu ya zamani Dola ya Uingereza).
  • Amidst — miongoni mwa kati ya.
  • Savage — ujinga, kishenzi.
  • Weave the story together — kuunganisha pamoja historia, kukusanya kidogo kidogo. (Vision Afrika Bonnie Grieg kinyume na kile ambacho alisema katika shule, ni linaloundwa na ukweli kwamba Bonnie ni katika hali halisi, moja ya mambo hayo ilikuwa ni ngoma Ashanti).
  • The Encyclopedia Britannica — «Encyclopedia Britannica» elezo «Britannica» (Encyclopedia kubwa la Uingereza).
  • Door-to-door — kwenda nyumba moja hadi nyingine (juu ya fitna, peripatetic mfanyabiashara). Baba Greer ya kununuliwa «Encyclopedia Britannica» kutoka kwa wauzaji, salespeople.

Na sasa sisi kutoa wewe kufanya mtihani juu ya uelewa wa njama.

 

Kesi

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