In Wanafunzi By Natalia

Maamuzi kuwasilisha kwa lugha ya Kiingereza kwa urahisi na uzuri

Umewahi alifanya kuwasilisha? Kama ndiyo, ni mara ngapi gani unaweza kufanya presentation na kwa nani? Kama siyo, wakati ilikuwa mara ya mwisho niliona mada? Wewe kama hayo? Nadhani bila kujali jibu, utakuwa na nia ya kuboresha ujuzi wao katika eneo hili na hata hivyo, kushangilia kujifunza nini lugha ni bora kutumia, hasa kama mada yako kwa Kiingereza.

Wapi kuanza?

Kuna mambo manne makuu ya mada mafanikio. Kwanza, ni maandishi ya mada, na pili, ni kazi nje maonyesho, tatu, ni mtiririko sana ya nyenzo mada. Na hatimaye, Nne, tunapaswa kukumbuka kuhusu siri kwamba itasaidia kuwa na ujasiri msemaji wa umma.

Wakati wewe kutumia kuwasilisha, ni muhimu kuelewa kwamba utaratibu huu wa majadiliano na mazungumzo na watazamaji wako. Je, una habari, ukweli wa mambo, uchambuzi, dhana kwamba unataka kufikisha kwa wasikilizaji. Yaani, mwanzoni mwa mada lazima wazi wazo la nini yatawasilishwa baadaye. Unahitaji kunyakua ya tahadhari ya wasikilizaji. Baada ya yote, sisi wote ni busy, sisi sote tuna biashara zao, kazi, watoto, na kadhalika. Kwa hiyo, kazi yako kama mwandishi — kuzalisha riba katika mada ya mada yake. Hii itatusaidia vielelezo, picha na zaidi. Jambo kuu katika mada yako — siyo wewe, kama mwandishi. Jambo kuu — ni watazamaji wako, na kisha, kwa nini mawazo na hisia wao kuondoka mada. Hii ni lengo lako.

Na kufikia hilo, unahitaji kukusanya wote iwezekanavyo ukweli, historia, takwimu na data. Maalum zaidi taarifa yako ni, ufanisi zaidi. Sehemu kuu ya kuwasilisha lazima wajumbe si tu ya ukweli. Jaribu na vyanzo mbalimbali patches yake ndogo ya hadithi ili kurahisisha mpito kutokana na ukweli mmoja hadi mwingine.

Somewa hotuba yake. Kuwa na uhakika wa ugavi treni, kujaribu kuweka ndani ya muda uliopangwa. Na baada ya kila mazoezi ujasiri wako kukua. Kulima style yako. Mtu ambaye anapenda kuburudisha umati, mtu gesticulating. Katika mfululizo wa mazoezi kupata style yako ambayo wewe ni starehe.

Na sasa kwa Lexicon

Kuwasilisha simulizi mara nyingi lina chini msamiati rasmi ya maandishi ya kielimu. Hebu tuangalie sehemu ya kuwasilisha na kutumika zaidi katika maneno yale yale na maneno.

Kuanzisha Katibu

  1. Let’s welcome Maria Lopez, who is going to talk to us today on the subject of “ This year sales overview ” . (Tafadhali kuwakaribisha Mary Lopez, ambaye leo kuzungumza nasi juu ya mada «Taswira ya mauzo ya mwaka huu.»)
  2. Now let me call on Rita to give / make her presentation. Rita, thank you. / kufanya presentation yake. Now let me call on Rita to give / make her presentation. Rita, thank you. Now let me call on Rita to give / make her presentation. Rita, thank you. (Na sasa napenda kukaribisha Rita na ripoti hiyo. Asante, Rita.)
  3. I’d like to introduce Dr. Williams, who’s going to address the topic of “ Modern trends in psychology ” . I’d like to introduce Dr. Williams, who’s going to address the topic of “ Modern trends in psychology ” . (Napenda kuanzisha Dk Williams, ambaye alielezea mada «Hali ya sasa katika Saikolojia»).
  4. OK, thank you everybody. Now, Mrs. Anna Lawson is going to present her analysis to us. OK, thank you everybody. Now, Mrs. Anna Lawson is going to present her analysis to us. (Naam, kuwashukuru wote. Na sasa Bi Anna Lawson kutuhudhurisha uchambuzi wake.)

Ripoti hiyo kuanza

“ In this analysis I would like to focus on latest developments in social marketing. I will speak for about 40 minutes, to leave time for questions and comments. Please, feel free to interrupt if you have any questions or want to make a comment. ”
«Katika uchambuzi huu, napenda kuzingatia maendeleo ya karibuni katika masoko ya kijamii. Mimi itabidi kufanya ripoti ndani ya dakika 40, kuondoka mara kwa maswali na maoni. Tafadhali jisikie huru kwa kupinga mimi kama una maswali yoyote au maoni. »

“ First let me give a short outline of the contemporary situation regarding intellectual property rights. After that I would like to raise a few issues regarding Internet ads. I will try to leave time for questions at the end. ”
«Awali ya yote, naomba kwa ufupi kuanzisha unaonyesha hali ya sasa katika uwanja wa haki miliki. Baada ya hapo napenda kujadili maswali machache kuhusu matangazo online. Mimi kujaribu kuondoka wakati mwishoni kwa maswali. »

“ I would like to begin by analyzing some recent studies of media strategy. You will be given handouts; also there are some spare copies here if you need them. ”
«Ningependa kuanza na uchambuzi wa tafiti kadhaa vyombo vya habari mkakati. Utapokea hendauty ¹ pia kuna wachache nakala ya ziada kama unahitaji. »

“ In this presentation I will be giving you some understanding of the subject for my dissertation. I will do my best not to go over time and keep to 20 minutes. ”
«Katika mada hii, nami kueleza mada ya Thesis yake. Mimi kujaribu kufanya kauli yangu hakuwa kisichozidi dakika 20. »

¹ abstracts, mihadhara, takrima wasikilizaji.

Baadhi ya maneno kwa katikati na mwishoni mwa ripoti

Hopefully, katika maandalizi ya kuwasilisha utakuwa na kujieleza hapa chini.

Now let’s turn to the problem of corporate social responsibility. Na sasa hebu tuangalie suala la uwajibikaji wa kijamii.
Moving on, I would like to look at the questionnaire results in more detail. Katika muendelezo, napenda kuangalia kina zaidi katika matokeo ya utafiti.
I also want to talk about media strategy, but I’ll come back to that later. Napenda pia kuzungumza kuhusu mkakati vyombo vya habari, lakini atarudi hii baadaye.
I’d just like to go back to the bar chart on the previous slide. Napenda kurejea slide uliopita gistotramme.
Anyway, getting back to/to return to the question of inflation, let’s have a look at the Chinese economy. Kwa vyovyote vile, kurudi kwa suala la mfumuko wa bei, hebu tuangalie uchumi wa China.
The results turned out to be amazing. I feel the research was worthwhile. Matokeo yalikuwa stunning. Naamini kuwa utafiti ilikuwa na thamani.
I will skip the next slide, as time is (running) short. Mimi miss slide ijayo, kama muda ni mfupi.
To sum it up, global warming has reached its critical point. That’s all I had to say. Thank you for your attention. Kwa muhtasari, ongezeko la joto duniani umefikia hatua muhimu. Hayo ni yote nilitaka kusema. Asante.
Well, I will stop here, as I have no time left. Katika hatua hii mimi kumaliza, kama wakati muda wake.
Are there any questions, comments or suggestions? Please, feel free to ask. Maswali yoyote, maoni au mapendekezo? Tafadhali muulize, usisite.

Kuelewa uwazi

Bila shaka, kwa ajili ya kuwasilisha wa ubora unahitaji vielelezo visual aids Bila shaka, ni muhimu kujua yao «uso» katika lugha ya Kiingereza. Hivyo, kujifahamisha: a flip chart (bango kitita, zinatokana na reli), a marker pen (alama), a monitor (Monitor), an OHP (uendeshaji (Overhead Projector)), pointer (Pointer), remote control (kijijini kudhibiti), screen (screen), slide projector (projector Rudia), a slide (slide, slide), DVD player whiteboard (bodi nyeupe (ambayo wao kuandika kalamu)).

Katika maandamano ya maonyesho mara nyingi hutumika kwa vielelezo taarifa. Baadhi ya majina yao yanaweza kupotosha. Kufikiria yao ili kuepuka kuchanganyikiwa katika siku zijazo.

  1. A graph (graph)
    1. a vertical axis (mhimili wima)
    2. a horizontal axis (usawa mhimili)
    3. a curve (mstari)
    4. a dotted line (dotted line)

  2. A table (angalia jedwali)
  3. A bar chart (histogram, bar chati)
  4. A pie chart (pai chati)
    1. a shaded area (kivuli eneo)
    2. a segment (sehemu, sekta)

  5. A scatter chart (kuwatawanya njama; kuwatawanya njama)
    1. a broken line (dotted line, kuvunjwa mstari)

  6. A diagram (chati, mchoro)
  7. A pictogram (icon)

Na nini kuhusu namba?

Inawezekana kwamba utakuwa na kuwaita baadhi ya namba. Hebu tuangalie chaguzi mara nyingi kutumika.

a third ½ a half ¾ three quarters two thirds
0.05
nought [n ɔ t] point O [ u] five
6.25
six point two five
15-20%
fifteen to twenty percent
<90% less than ninety percent
60 x 3
sixty times three
150-40
a hundred and fifty minus forty
33 ÷ 3
thirty-three divided by three
1: 4
a ratio of one to four
575
five hundred and seventy-five
1,001
one thousand and one
65.935
sixty-five thousand nine hundred and thirty-five
7,896,324
seven million eight hundred and ninety-six thousand three hundred and twenty-four

Pia, katika mada yako, unaweza kupiga takwimu mviringo. Na badala ya kusema, kwa mfano, 48725%, unaweza pande mbali idadi hiyo, akisema «juu ya 50%» kama ifuatavyo:

  • about 50%
  • approximately 50%
  • in the region of 50%
  • roughly 50%
  • some 50%

Maneno machache ya mwisho

Na hapa umefika, wakati huu muda awaited ya mada. Jaribu kufika dakika 15-20 mapema hivyo unaweza kuona chumba au ukumbi, ambao utafanyika mada, kuangalia vifaa, ikiwa inahitajika. Hii itasaidia kupata khabari na hali hiyo na kupumzika kidogo. Kwa ajili yako mwenyewe, unaweza kujiandaa mapema orodha ya kila kitu unahitaji kuchukua mada, si kwa kusahau kitu muhimu.

Jaribu baada kuwasilisha kushoto yako wakati kwa maswali. Kwa maana wewe ni muhimu kwamba wewe kuelewa. Kwa hiyo, itakuwa ya kuvutia kujibu maswali. Kama wakati bado kushoto, hebu kujua barua pepe yako au namba ya simu kwa wanafunzi wanaweza kuwasiliana na wewe kama wana maswali yoyote.

Hivyo, nyuma ya mada. Ni wakati kwa ajili ya mapitio. Wengi si kama wao, kama wanajitahidi kukabiliana na upinzani. Lakini hii — kujenga upinzani. Itasaidia wewe kuwa msemaji bora.

Kuhamasisha na kuhamasisha watazamaji wako, si tu katika Urusi lakini pia katika Kiingereza. Napenda maonyesho ya mafanikio katika Kiingereza.

 

Wanafunzi

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