In Grammar By Victoria

Kuwatenga masuala katika lugha ya Kiingereza

Kuwatenga masuala kwa Kiingereza au katika sehemu nyingine tag-questions kwa maoni yangu, ni ya kuvutia zaidi jamii ya maswali. Masuala haya na wajumbe wa sehemu mbili: swali yenyewe na ndogo echo swali tag shukrani ambayo sasa inaitwa masuala kugawa kwa Kiingereza. Kwa kweli, katika aina hii ya masuala si kupasuliwa, lakini unathibitisha tu au anakanusha.

Kutenganisha maswali aliuliza katika Kiingereza kama tunataka kueleza shaka, mshangao. Sisi kuuliza maswali haya si tu kwa ajili ya habari, lakini kwa lengo la kupata kukubaliana au kutokubaliana na kauli. Kutegemea swali hili kwa kifupi yetu — tag itakuwa kutafsiriwa kwa njia tofauti siyo hivyo? si hivyo? sawa? huh? nk

Faida kubwa ya masuala kugawa katika lugha ya Kiingereza ni utaratibu wa moja kwa moja wa maneno katika sentensi ya Kiingereza. Hiyo ni kabisa inawezekana kuwa na uhakika kwamba wewe ni makosa ya kujenga hukumu interrogative. Kuondoka tu adhabu declarative katika fomu yake ya awali, lakini mwisho … Hii ni aina ya wavu na kugawa mapendekezo katika lugha ya Kiingereza. Ukweli kwamba kila sentensi itakuwa na yake mwenyewe tag dvs. short swali. Na ili kujua hasa ni nini ni muhimu kukumbuka sheria chache. Katika hatua hii, na hapo pana fujo, ambayo husababisha matatizo katika mchakato wa kuunda masuala kugawa kwa Kiingereza.

Nini vipengele vya masuala kugawa kwa Kiingereza?

Kama nilivyoeleza, sehemu ya kwanza ya swali la kujitenga kwa lugha ya Kiingereza ni adhabu declarative ambayo inaweza kuwa wote chanya na hasi. Kutokana na hili na itategemea sehemu ya pili ya swali. Katika kesi hiyo, ni yalisababisha utawala «mvuto wa kinyume.» Kama tone nzima inatoa usawa wa kijinsia, tag itakuwa mbaya na kinyume chake. Hii Ikumbukwe daima kuwa makini sana, kwa sababu katika lugha ya Kiingereza ina aina ya mtego kwamba unaweza kuwa na utata.

Ukiona kauli zenye maneno neither (hakuna, hakuna), no (hakuna), none no one nobody (hakuna), nothing (chochote), scarcely barely hardly ever (vigumu, vigumu), seldom (Asili wakati) na kitu kama hicho, kumbuka kwamba pendekezo hili ni hasi, hivyo «mkia katika mfumo wa maswali mfupi,» itakuwa chanya.

Sam tag ni kitendo msaidizi na somo katika mfumo wa tamko binafsi. Kama una pendekezo chanya na kujenga suala kujitenga kwa Kiingereza, unahitaji kuongeza hasi short swali mwishoni, chukua kifupi hasi namna ya kitenzi msaidizi na somo katika mfumo wa tamko binafsi.

— You usually start your work at 8 am, don’t you? — — You usually start your work at 8 am, don’t you? — Je, kwa kawaida kuanza kazi saa nane, sawa?

Nina can’t speak French, can she? — Nina can’t speak French, can she? — Nina haina kuzungumza Kifaransa, haki?

He hasn’t got a pen, has he? — yeye? He hasn’t got a pen, has he? — He hasn’t got a pen, has he? — Yeye haina kushughulikia, sawa?

You can always trust me, can’t you? — yenu? You can always trust me, can’t you? — You can always trust me, can’t you? — Daima unaweza imani yangu, okay?

They never argue with me, do they? — They never argue with me, do they? — Wao kamwe si mnanihoji, je?

Jane didn’t come to the exhibition, did she? — walifanya yeye? Jane didn’t come to the exhibition, did she? — Jane didn’t come to the exhibition, did she? — Jane hakuja maonyesho, si hivyo?

We are going to see the parents tomorrow, aren’t we? — si sisi? We are going to see the parents tomorrow, aren’t we? — We are going to see the parents tomorrow, aren’t we? — Kesho tunaenda kutembelea wazazi wake, sawa?

You haven’t been to Kiev, have you? — wewe? You haven’t been to Kiev, have you? — You haven’t been to Kiev, have you? — Wewe sijawahi katika Kiev, mimi nipo sahihi?

He isn’t lazy, is he? — He isn’t lazy, is he? — Yeye si wavivu, sawa?

Kate won’t date Kim, will she? — Kate won’t date Kim, will she? — Kate si kwenda tarehe na Kim, sawa?

I am crazy, aren’t I? — I am crazy, aren’t I? — Mimi nina mambo, sawa?

Nobody called for me, did they? — Nobody called for me, did they? — No me hakwenda, je?

Nothing could be worse, could it? — Nothing could be worse, could it? — Je, inaweza kuwa mbaya zaidi, huh?

Kama pengine niliona, malezi ya masuala kugawa katika lugha ya Kiingereza ina yake isipokuwa mwenyewe ndogo.

  1. Kama pendekezo kiima na kiarifu I am kisha inaonekana swali fupi aren’t I kana kwamba hakuwa na sauti tuhuma.
  2. Kama somo ni walionyesha maneno ya anyone everybody somebody na kadhalika, «mkia» ni pronoun they — wao ni. Kwa mfano:

    Everyone was happy, weren’t they? — Everyone was happy, weren’t they? — Kila mtu alikuwa na furaha, sawa?

  3. Pendekezo, ambayo huanza na motisha let’s (let us) — hebu short swali kuangalia kama shall we? Kwa mfano:

    Let’s start, shall we? – Let’s start, shall we? – Hebu kuanza, sawa?

Katika mapendekezo hayo, akielezea ombi, ili, amri, tagwill you won’t you can you could you Kwa mfano:

Please, shut the door, will you? — Please, shut the door, will you? — Tafadhali, funga mlango, okay? au Pay attention, would you? — Pay attention, would you? — Kuwa makini, okay?

Mapendekezo, wito si kufanya kitu chochote, tagwill you Kwa mfano:

Don’t be late, will you? — Don’t be late, will you? — Je, si kuwa marehemu, okay?

Swali moja itakuwa fupi na anajenga hukumu kwa let me (napenda, napenda, napenda) na let him / her (basi yake / zake, basi yake / zake). Kwa mfano:

Let me stand up, will you? — Let me stand up, will you? — Napenda baada, sawa?

Ugumu wa kutenganisha masuala kwa lugha ya Kiingereza ni katika uteuzi wa swali sahihi katika muda mfupi mwishoni mwa sentensi. Kama kukabiliana nayo kwa urahisi, basi aina hii ya maswali kwa Kiingereza, wewe kushinda.

 

Grammar

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