In Grammar By Inna

Kupendelea katika Kiingereza

Katika lugha ya Kiingereza, kama katika Urusi, kuna kitu kama mwelekeo huo. Kupendelea kama jamii kisarufi ni asili katika kitendo.

Fomu hisia katika Kiingereza

Katika lugha ya Kiingereza, kuna hisia tatu: dalili the Indicative Mood muhimu the Imperative Mood na dhamira tegemezi the Subjunctive Mood

Dalili hisia inaonyesha kwamba msemaji anaona hatua kama kweli kweli.

Tom likes swimming very much. — Tom likes swimming very much. — Tom anapenda kuogelea.

Dalili Mood kwa Kiingereza ina mbili dhamana. Kamba inaonyesha kama yaliyofanywa na au chini ya hatua kama somo (kazi sauti Active Voice au kwa kuwa wazi na (sauti tulivu Passive Voice

Kitendo katika hali ya kuamuru katika Kiingereza linaonyesha ili, ombi ushauri na unachukua sura ya mtu wa pili. Muhimu kutofautisha aina mbili: hasi na chanya.

Sit down, please. — Sit down, please. — Keti, tafadhali.

Don’t sit down. — Don’t sit down. — Je, si kukaa chini.

Hisia subjunctive kwa lugha ya Kiingereza haina kueleza ukweli halisi na kutarajia au taka.

If I were you I would do it at once. — mara moja. If I were you I would do it at once. — If I were you I would do it at once. — Katika nafasi yako napenda kufanya hivyo mara moja.

Kuna makundi matatu ya subjunctive kwa Kiingereza.

Kwanza ni: Present Subjunctive Past Subjunctive na Past Perfect Subjunctive Fomu mwisho ni kutumika mara chache sana.

He ordered that the documents be sent at once. — mara moja. He ordered that the documents be sent at once. — He ordered that the documents be sent at once. — Aliamrisha kwamba nyaraka walipelekwa mara moja.

Kundi la pili ni pamoja na mchanganyiko should c Indefinite Infinitive na Perfect Infinitive

Why should he have written so strange a letter? — barua? Why should he have written so strange a letter? — Why should he have written so strange a letter? — Kwa nini aliandika barua ya ajabu kama hiyo?

Kundi la tatu ni pamoja na mchanganyiko should (katika mtu wa kwanza umoja na wingi), na would (katika pili na ya tatu mtu umoja na wingi) kwa Indefinite Infinitive na Perfect Infinitive

If I won the first prize, I would be happy. — itakuwa furaha. If I won the first prize, I would be happy. — If I won the first prize, I would be happy. — Kama mimi alikuwa mshindi wa tuzo ya kwanza, napenda kuwa na furaha.

Hisia subjunctive kwa Kiingereza na huweza kuambukizwa na mchanganyiko wa vitendo vya utaratibu might na could nauni.

If my friend were here he could show his car. — gari lake. If my friend were here he could show his car. — If my friend were here he could show his car. — Kama rafiki yangu yalikuwa hapa, atakuwa kuonyesha gari lake.

Utafiti wa kwanza mwelekeo wawili haina kusababisha matatizo kama vile kujifunza subjunctive. Lakini, hata hivyo, kama sisi kufuata kanuni kutoka rahisi kwa tata, na kuanza kuchunguza, kama vile hukumu masharti kama mara nyingi hutumika, subjunctive inawezekana kabisa kwa bwana.

 

Grammar

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