In Grammar By Victoria

Kitendo cha utaratibu OUGHT TO

Tofauti na baadhi ya wengine vitendo vya utaratibu katika Kiingereza, kitendo cha utaratibu ina tu wakati uliopo — ought to Na ni thamani ya kukumbuka kwamba nauni ni kutumika baada ya kitendo huu modal hutumiwa na chembe lazima to Hiyo tu nauni na kutusaidia kutafakari wakati mmoja au mwingine katika hotuba yetu. Kwa maneno mengine, kwa kuamua wakati wa kutoa yoyote tunaweza nauni. Kwa mfano:

I ought to buy something for tea, biscuits or sweets. ( biskuti au pipi. I ought to buy something for tea, biscuits or sweets. ( I ought to buy something for tea, biscuits or sweets. ( inahusiana na wakati wa sasa) — mimi haja ya kununua kitu kwa ajili ya chai, biskuti au pipi.

You ought to have decided that. ( You ought to have decided that. ( inahusu wakati ilipita Ilikuwa kuhitajika lakini hakuweza kutekeleza.) — Unapaswa kuamua kwamba kwa muda mrefu.

You ought to be sleeping instead of watching a serial. ( Serial. You ought to be sleeping instead of watching a serial. ( You ought to be sleeping instead of watching a serial. ( inahusiana na hii kwa muda mrefu) — Ni lazima kuwa na kulala badala ya kuangalia show.

Kama ukiangalia katika tafsiri ya mapendekezo hayo utakuta kwamba modal verb ought to unahitaji kupita katika hukumu kutumia maneno kama vile «ni muhimu (kwa), ni lazima (kwa), ungekuwa …». Kama tunataka maneno hasi, mbele ya maneno haya, sisi kuweka chembe hasi «hapana».

Kitendo cha utaratibu ought to kututumikia kwa ajili ya kujieleza:

  1. Baraza, kimaadili na kijamii wajibu.

    We ought to weigh well what we can decide. – kuamua. We ought to weigh well what we can decide. – We ought to weigh well what we can decide. – Tunapaswa kufikiria kwa makini sana kabla ya kufanya uamuzi.

    He ought to have been more tactful. – He ought to have been more tactful. – Yeye lazima wamekuwa zaidi busara.

    I suppose we really ought not to be laughing at her, but I just can’t help it. – akicheka saa yake, lakini mimi tu hawezi kusaidia. I suppose we really ought not to be laughing at her, but I just can’t help it. – I suppose we really ought not to be laughing at her, but I just can’t help it. – Nadhani tunapaswa si ​​kucheka naye, lakini mimi tu hakuweza kupinga.

    I feel that I ought to spend more time with my children. – muda na watoto wangu. I feel that I ought to spend more time with my children. – I feel that I ought to spend more time with my children. – Nadhani haja ya kutumia muda zaidi na watoto wao.

    You ought to be ashamed of yourself. – You ought to be ashamed of yourself. – Ni lazima kuwa na aibu!

    You ought to watch your weight. – You ought to watch your weight. – Ni lazima kuangalia uzito wako.

  2. Imani imara kwamba zinaa maneno «inapaswa kuwa, inaonekana.»

    He ought to have done what I told him. – yake. He ought to have done what I told him. – He ought to have done what I told him. – Yeye inaonekana alifanya nini nilimwambia.

    They ought to have come earlier. – They ought to have come earlier. – Ni lazima kuwa na kuja mbele.

 

Grammar

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