In Kesi By Catherine

Juu ya nishati katika Kiingereza

Kwa wakati huu, kuna maslahi kuongezeka katika vyanzo vya nishati mbadala renewable sources of energy kwa ambayo unaweza kupata nafuu na safi nishati clean and cheap energy kwa kutumia mazingira ya kirafiki ecologically-friendly taratibu na Vifaa processes and equipment Napendekeza kufikiria maneno na misemo katika lugha ya Kiingereza ambazo hutumika kuelezea chanzo cha nishati sources of enegy vyanzo vya nishati types of energy ambazo zinafanyika, na vifaa equipment to produce energy ambayo inatumia.

Vyanzo gani nishati ni mbadala zisizo?

Vyanzo vya nishati mbadala zisizo
(non-renewable sources of energy)
Aina ya nishati
(types of energy)
Vifaa kwa ajili ya uzalishaji wa nishati
(equipment to produce energy)
Wood

If the trees are replanted continuously, wood may be a sustainable energy source.

Kama miti ya kupandwa moja kwa moja, kuni inaweza kuwa imara chanzo cha nishati.

Wood-burning power plant — kuni-fired kupanda nguvu.
Coal

Coal is burned to provide heat or electricity.

Makaa ya mawe ni kuchomwa moto kwa kuzalisha joto au umeme.

Coal power station * — nguvu makaa ya mawe.
Oil

Oil is rather cheap to convert into energy.

Nafuu ya kutosha kurejea mafuta ndani ya nishati.

Oil power station — Mafuta na nguvu kubwa.
Natural gas

This power station runs on natural gas, one of the non-renewable sources of energy.

Mimea hii nguvu kuchochewa na gesi asilia, vyanzo vya nishati mbadala zisizo.

Power station that runs on natural gas — gesi madaraka.
Nuclear

Operation of nuclear power plants may be dangerous for people.

Uendeshaji wa mitambo ya nyuklia inaweza kuwa hatari kwa watu.

Nuclear power plant — nishati ya nyuklia.

* Napenda kuteka mawazo yako na ukweli kwamba mitambo mbio juu ya makaa ya mawe, mafuta, gesi asilia, inajulikana kama mitambo kwa kutumia madini fossil-fuel power plants

Katika kipindi cha miaka mia mbili, zaidi ya nishati linatokana na vyanzo visivyo mbadala ya nishati non-renewable sources kama vile makaa ya mawe na mafuta coal and oil Rasilimali za madini fossil-fuels deposits ni hatua kwa hatua kupungua, wakati mahitaji ya nishati hii inazidi kuongezeka. Kwa hiyo, wanasayansi ni kuzingatia mbadala na mbadala alternative and renewable vyanzo vya nishati kama nishati ya baadaye. Hizi ni pamoja na yafuatayo:

Nishati mbadala
(renewable sources of energy)
Aina ya nishati
(types of energy)
Vifaa kwa ajili ya uzalishaji wa nishati
(equipment to produce energy)
Sun

We get the solar energy from the Sun.

Kutokana na jua tunapata nishati ya jua.

Solar panel — jopo nishati ya jua.
Water

Hydroelectric power is generated by pumping water.

Umeme wa maji ni kuzalisha kwa kusukuma maji.
Hydroelectric plant — umeme wa maji.
Wave

The tidal power is recieved because of the energy of waves.

Nguvu mawimbi ni kupatikana kwa nishati wimbi.

Tidal barrage — mawimbi bwawa hilo.

Tidal mill — mawimbi ya ufungaji.

Wind

Wind power is relatively cheap in long term.

Nishati ya upepo ni kiasi nafuu kwa muda mrefu.
Wind farm — nguvu ya upepo.

Wind mill — upepo kupanda nguvu.

Biomass

Biomass energy is produced from animal and vegetable derived material.

Majani ni zinazozalishwa kutoka nyenzo ya wanyama na mboga asili.

Biomass power station — kupanda nguvu ambayo inaendeshwa kwa nishati majani.

Napendekeza kuona mada ifuatayo ya vyanzo vya nishati:

Kuwasilisha anatumia maneno yafuatayo na maneno ambayo inaweza kuwa haijulikani:

  • Hydrocarbon deposit — nyanja hydrocarbon.
  • Thermal power plant — kupanda mafuta nguvu.
  • Radioactive substance — vitu mionzi.
  • Potential energy — nishati uwezo.
  • Kinetic energy — kinetic nishati.
  • Domestic use — matumizi ya kaya.
  • Intermittently — intermittently.
  • Methane gas — methane.
  • Transportation fuel — nishati ya usafiri.
  • Voltage — voltage.
  • Ocean thermal energy — bahari nishati ya mafuta.
  • Geothermal energy — Nishati ya mvuke.
  • Nuclear fission reaction — nyuklia fission majibu.
  • Nuclear fusion reaction — fusion majibu.

Kwa habari zaidi kuhusu aina ya nishati na matumizi yake yanaweza kupatikana hapa:

  • physics.tutorvista.com
  • www.bbc.co.uk

 

Kesi

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