In Ya sayansi By Catherine

Juu ya asili ya baadhi Nahau

Nahau ni sehemu muhimu ya lugha yoyote. Wao kuonyeshwa wote — historia ya nchi, historia ya lugha, utamaduni matukio mbalimbali na mtizamo wa msemaji yake. Kiingereza ni hakuna ubaguzi. Kuna Mkwawa, ambayo ina Nahau, na wao, kwa njia, kuna zaidi ya 15,000 katika lugha ya Kiingereza; Profesa kuchunguza takwimu hizi ajabu wa kujieleza, na wanafunzi wa lugha ya Kiingereza pore juu yao, kujaribu kukumbuka sura zao na maana.

Mimi mara nyingi kusikia swali: jinsi muhimu maarifa na matumizi katika utafiti wa Nahau Kiingereza? Nina swali jingine: jinsi mara nyingi Nahau katika lugha yao ya kwanza unatumia? Baadhi ya kusema kwamba vizuri kufanya bila wao, lakini ukweli ni kwamba wengi wa maneno hayo ni hivyo ingrained katika lugha kwamba katika kesi nyingi hatuna kutambua kwamba wao ni nahau. Sijui; kulala bila miguu ya nyuma; USIKATE pua yake; mazungumzo ionekane — na maneno mengine mengi kufanya hotuba yetu ya wazi zaidi, hisia na ya kusisimua kwa interlocutor. Vile vile, katika lugha ya Kiingereza.

Lakini leo napenda kufafanua juu ya masuala mengine. Kila wakati, mkutano Nahau mpya na mpya, angalau kwa sasa inaweza kuwa wadadisi walikotoka? Baada ya yote, kila neno ina kuwa hadithi hiyo, kila nahau lazima uwe na asili yake. Baadhi yao wamekuwa kuweka katika lugha ya waandishi, wengine kupata asili yao katika Biblia, na wengine walikuja kutoka lugha nyingine kama vile Kifaransa na Kirumi, kwa mfano. Lakini chochote historia ya asili yao, Natumaini, baada ya kusoma baadhi yao, ukiangalia macho ya Nahau mengine, na wao hawaonekani wewe ngumu zaidi au utata.

Hebu kupata kuanza.

  1. To face the music — kulipia matendo yao, kwa tatanua fujo.

    Historia ya namna ya neno ni rahisi sana na anaona asili yake katika Jeshi la Uingereza. Ukweli kwamba kila mahakama ya kijeshi akiongozana na jeshi kikosi kucheza, hivyo mshitakiwa alikuwa na uso si tu kwa mashtaka, lakini kwa sauti ya ngoma. Hivyo kujieleza «kukutana muziki» au to face the music

    When the jewellery disappeared he decided to run away rather than face the music. – mbali badala ya kukabiliana na muziki. When the jewellery disappeared he decided to run away rather than face the music. – When the jewellery disappeared he decided to run away rather than face the music. – Baada ya vyombo na kutoweka, aliamua kukimbia badala ya tatanua uji.

  2. It’s raining cats and dogs — paka na mbwa.

    Kuna mawazo mengi kuhusu chanzo cha nahau hii. Katika baadhi yao vigumu kuamini, wengine labda walikuwa zuliwa na amateurs wa hadithi rangi, mimi kutoa chaguo la tatu. Katika 1500s mbali, wakati hadi usanifu wa kisasa bado alikuwa mbali sana, paa kufunikwa na safu nene ya majani, ambayo inawafanya mahali hasa kuvutia kwa paka, mbwa na wanyama wengine wadogo (pengine kutokana na ukweli kwamba nyenzo hii ni zaidi uwezekano wa kuhifadhi joto ). Wakati wa mvua kubwa, wanyama wakati mwingine slips na akaanguka chini, Uingereza alianza kujiunga na paka mvua kuanguka na mbwa, hivyo kujieleza it’s raining cats and dogs

    I will stay at home! The weather is terrible! Just look, it’s raining cats and dogs. – mbwa. I will stay at home! The weather is terrible! Just look, it’s raining cats and dogs. – I will stay at home! The weather is terrible! Just look, it’s raining cats and dogs. – Mimi kukaa nyumbani! Hali ya hewa machukizo! Angalia, ni kumtia.

  3. To be in the black — kuwa katika nyeusi, hawana madeni.
  4. To be in the red — hasara.

    Asili ya Nahau hizi mbili ni moja kwa moja kuhusiana na matumizi ya nyekundu na nyeusi wino katika mizania. Kuhesabu madeni na mapato ya wateja wao, wahasibu ni yalionyesha katika nyekundu kwanza, na kuacha nyeusi katika pili. Hivyo, rangi nyekundu na hasa kujieleza to be in the red ina wanapata kuhusishwa na ngumu hali ya kifedha au uwepo wa madeni, wakati to be in the black na maana kinyume.

    Being in the red I had to put off the purchase of a car. – mbali ya ununuzi wa gari. Being in the red I had to put off the purchase of a car. – Being in the red I had to put off the purchase of a car. – Mimi nilikuwa kuahirisha kununua magari kutokana na matatizo ya fedha.

    From the very beginning our company was in the black. – nyeusi. From the very beginning our company was in the black. – From the very beginning our company was in the black. – Tangu mwanzo kampuni yetu imekuwa faida.

  5. To be worth one’s salt — wanajua kupokea mshahara; si kwa kuwa hakuna anakula mkate.

    Ingawa leo chumvi ni moja ya bidhaa billigaste juu ya rafu maduka makubwa katika historia ya mwanadamu kumekuwa na vipindi wakati chumvi ni sawa na dhahabu. Hata kabla ya kuonekana ya vihifadhi mbalimbali kwamba kuhifadhi bidhaa kwa muda mrefu zaidi, chumvi ilikuwa njia pekee inapatikana, ambayo inafanya kuwa muhimu. Hivyo «kuwa anastahili chumvi» au to be worth one’s salt alikuwa kutambua umuhimu wa haki za binadamu.

    A shop assistant is not worth his salt if you can’t consult him about the product chosen. – kama huwezi ushauri wake kuhusu bidhaa waliochaguliwa. A shop assistant is not worth his salt if you can’t consult him about the product chosen. – A shop assistant is not worth his salt if you can’t consult him about the product chosen. – Duka msaidizi wanajua kupokea mshahara wake, kama hawezi kukushauri kwa heshima na bidhaa waliochaguliwa wewe.

  6. Give / get the cold shoulder — baridi / tofauti kutibu.

    Ili kuelewa asili ya nahau hii, tuna uelewa mdogo wa ugumu wa kupikia. Katika Kiingereza, neno shoulder kwa kuongeza maadili yetu ya kawaida — «faida» ni tu mwingine tafsiri — «. Mkali wa mzoga» Sasa kufikiria kwamba katika Uingereza kuwakaribisha wageni walikuwa kawaida aliwahi moto, freshly kupikwa chakula. Jinsi kisha kukaribishwa wageni uninvited? Uingereza, inaonekana, hawakuweza kumudu waache njaa sana, hivyo aliwahi baridi kondoo bega makali — cold mutton shoulder

    I really needed his advice, but he has given me the cold shoulder. – amenipa bega baridi. I really needed his advice, but he has given me the cold shoulder. – I really needed his advice, but he has given me the cold shoulder. – Mimi zinahitajika ushauri wake, lakini yeye umeonyesha kutofautiana kamili kwangu.

  7. To live from hand to mouth — ni vigumu kupata mahitaji; kuishi kutoka mkono kwa kinywa.

    Wakati wa Unyogovu Mkuu, na katika kipindi cha miaka mingine ya kuyumba kiuchumi, watu mara nyingi hawajui wakati wakati mwingine wao kuanguka katika mikono ya mlo kamili. Hii ndiyo sababu, literally, kitu chochote chakula alikuja mkono, mara moja kutuma katika mdomo wako — from hand to mouth Kama unaweza kuona, kujieleza hasi ya uchoraji ni kulinda mpaka leo.

    They lived from hand to mouth, never knowing when the next meal was coming. – kujua wakati unga ijayo alikuwa anakuja. They lived from hand to mouth, never knowing when the next meal was coming. – They lived from hand to mouth, never knowing when the next meal was coming. – Waliishi kutoka mkono kwa kinywa, bila kujua wakati wakati mwingine utakuwa na uwezo wa kula.

  8. To give / to receive a clean bill of health — kuwa na afya.

    Kuelewa jinsi hii ni kesi na nahau hii, hebu kwanza kuelewa moja nini ni Bill of Health au «karantini / afya cheti.» Hati hii, ambayo katika karne ya 19 ilikuwa ni kupata kila meli, kabla ya viongozi nje ya bahari. Hivyo, «hati safi ya afya» au clean bill of health na suala, kama timu ni afya, na si kwenye meli au katika bandari hakuna dalili ya magonjwa ya kuambukiza. Leo, kujieleza clean bill of health imepoteza maana yake ya awali na ni tena kuhusishwa na hati yoyote rasmi au magonjwa ya kuambukiza, ina maana jambo moja tu — ya kwamba sisi ni afya kabisa.

    I’ve been on a sick leave for the last two weeks, and the doctor has finally given me a clean bill of health. – muda wa wiki mbili zilizopita, na daktari ina hatimaye kunipa hati safi ya afya. I’ve been on a sick leave for the last two weeks, and the doctor has finally given me a clean bill of health. – I’ve been on a sick leave for the last two weeks, and the doctor has finally given me a clean bill of health. – Nina wiki mbili katika hospitali hiyo, na hatimaye daktari alisema kuwa nilikuwa na afya kabisa.

  9. Let your hair down — kupumzika kwa urahisi.

    Nadhani nahau hii ni hasa karibu na wasomaji wetu, na hapa ni kwa nini. Nyuma katika karne ya 17, wanawake walivaa aina ya hairstyles, kukusanya na nywele zakalyvaya. Katika jioni, katika utulivu na walishirikiana anga, utaratibu kawaida ilikuwa blooming na combing nywele. Hata hivyo, usemi wa let your hair down umetumika katika maana tofauti kidogo.

    I had extremelly hard day at work and need to let my hair down now. – haja ya basi nywele yangu chini sasa. I had extremelly hard day at work and need to let my hair down now. – I had extremelly hard day at work and need to let my hair down now. – Nilikuwa siku sana bidii katika kazi na sasa nahitaji kupumzika.

  10. Wear one’s heart on one’s sleeve — si kuwa na uwezo wa yana hisia zao; roho wazi.

    Inawezekana kwamba kujieleza hii ni yalijitokeza katika utamaduni wa medieval ya mashindano knightly. Ni kuamini kwamba Knights kuonyesha ibada zao za mwanamke wa moyo, anafunga ukanda, kuwasilishwa kwa hiyo, juu ya sleeve. Hivyo, wao ni literally «huvaliwa moyo juu ya sleeve yangu.» Leo sisi kutumia nahau, kuzungumza juu ya mtu ambaye hadharani inaonyesha hisia zake.

    She never hides her emotions, one look at her and you know how she feels. She really wears her heart on her sleeve. – saa yake na unajua jinsi anajisikia. She never hides her emotions, one look at her and you know how she feels. She really wears her heart on her sleeve. – She never hides her emotions, one look at her and you know how she feels. She really wears her heart on her sleeve. – Yeye kamwe ngozi hisia zake, kuangalia moja — na wewe kuelewa jinsi anajisikia. Nafsi yake wazi.

Kuzungumza juu ya chanzo cha Nahau inaweza kuwa usio na mipaka, kutafuta zaidi na zaidi ya kuvutia na funny hadithi. Lengo langu kuu ni kuonyesha kwamba suala ambalo katika mtazamo wa kwanza hakuna mantiki, ni kimiujiza kupata, kama ukiangalia yao kwa karibu zaidi. Hii, pengine, ni moja ya siri ya mafanikio kujifunza lugha yoyote ya kigeni — jiulize swali «kwa nini? «Na kujaribu kupata jibu. Natumaini kwamba hadithi kwamba mimi wametoa msaada kukumbuka na kujifunza baadhi Nahau, na muhimu zaidi kufunulia wewe juu ya jitihada yako mwenyewe .strong

 

Ya sayansi

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>