In Grammar By Victoria

Jamaa Viwakilishi katika Kiingereza

Jamaa Viwakilishi relative pronouns ni moja ya makundi kadhaa ya viwakilishi kwa Kiingereza. Viwakilishi hizi wanatakiwa kuwasiliana na vifungu kuu katika hukumu tata. Hivyo, wao ni washirika kwa maneno. Ni washirika kwa maneno, lakini si ya Muungano. Baada ya tamko jamaa katika lugha ya Kiingereza si tu wanaohusishwa vifungu, lakini wao wenyewe ni wanachama wa mapendekezo hayo. Na vyama vya wafanyakazi, kama sisi kujua, hukumu hawezi kuwa.

Ni maneno gani ni viwakilishi jamaa katika lugha ya Kiingereza? Chini mapendekezo ya ziada, ikiwa ni pamoja na masomo chini na predicates kujiunga na Viwakilishi yafuatayo: who (ambao), whose (ambaye), whom (ambao), what (yaliyo), which (ambaye).

This is not what I expected. – I expected. – Hii si kile inatarajiwa.

Who has chosen her is unknown. – has chosen her is unknown. – Nani Wakamuabudu, ni haijulikani.

Kwa ajili ya mawasiliano vifungu attributive kuchagua who (ambayo), whose (ambayo), which na that (ambayo ni).

The girl who lives next door is called Nastya. – lives next door is called Nastya. – Msichana ambaye anaishi karibu na mlango, iitwayo Anastasia.

The shoes that I bought last week are very expensive. – I bought last week are very expensive. – Shoes kwamba mimi kununuliwa wiki iliyopita, ni ghali sana.

Je, sisi kutumia viwakilishi jamaa katika lugha ya Kiingereza?

Sisi kutumia pronoun jamaa who badala ya Viwakilishi binafsi wakati kuzungumza juu ya watu (hai nyuso).

The boy who won the first prize is only fifteen years old. – won the first prize is only fifteen years old. – Kijana ambaye alishinda tuzo ya kwanza, umri wa miaka 15 tu.

The man who built our house lives in Moscow. – built our house lives in Moscow. – Mtu aliyejenga nyumba yetu, anaishi katika Moscow.

Tunapozungumzia kuhusu mambo (vitu visivyo na uhai) au juu ya wanyama wanaotumia pronoun jamaa which

The movie which you advised me to watch is very boring. – you advised me to watch is very boring. – Filamu, ambayo wewe alinishauri kuona boring sana.

The dog which you gave me ran away. – you gave me ran away. – Mbwa kwamba alinipa, akakimbia.

Katika wawili iliyotolewa kesi, badala ya Viwakilishi jamaa who na which wanaweza kutumia pronoun that Kwa hiyo, kama huwezi kuchagua pronoun haki katika hali fulani, wewe kuchukua that na kuwa na haki. Makosa yanaweza kuepukwa.

Have you met the man that sent you flowers? – sent you flowers? – Wewe alikutana mtu ambaye alimtuma wewe maua?

This is a diamond ring that I got for my birthday. – I got for my birthday. – Hii pete ya almasi kwamba mimi got kwa siku ya kuzaliwa yangu.

Mwingine pronoun jamaa katika lugha ya Kiingereza, sisi kuchukua nafasi ya viwakilishi kutochukua (sifa). Kutumia whose badala ya maneno haya katika mahusiano ya watu, wanyama na vitu, sisi kueleza kitu mali ya mtu mwingine.

What is the name of the writer whose most famous novel is ‘War and Peace’? – most famous novel is ‘War and Peace’? – Jina la mwandishi, maarufu ambayo ni ya riwaya «Vita na Amani» ni nini?

Tina is the girl whose father works in a bank. – father works in a bank. – Tina — msichana ambaye baba yake anafanya kazi katika benki.

Hatua moja: pronoun jamaa which inaweza kutumika katika uhusiano wa hukumu nzima. Kwa mfano:

He helped me to carry my bags, which was very kind of him. – was very kind of him. – Yeye imenisaidia kuleta mfuko, na ilikuwa sana aina yake.

Kwa bahati mbaya, baada ya majina ambayo yanatokana na superlatives, maneno idadi makutano au all any only tu kutumia pronoun jamaa that (lakini si which au whom

This is the second correct answer that I got. – correct answer that I got. – Hii ni ya pili haki jibu kwamba mimi got.

Kama pronoun jamaa katika lugha ya Kiingereza ni somo la kitenzi kisaidizi, haiwezi kuachwa. Jinsi ya kuamua pronoun jamaa katika hukumu hii ni somo? Angalia kifungu. Kama kati ya tamko jamaa na kitendo inatoa hakuna nomino au kiwakilishi nyingine, ni kiwakilishi jamaa ni somo.

I know a boy who is from India. – is from India. – Mimi najua mvulana kutoka India.

I believe there are people who can help in difficult situations. – can help in difficult situations. – Naamini kuwa kuna watu ambao wanaweza kusaidia katika hali ngumu.

Kama kazi ya pronoun jamaa katika kitenzi kisaidizi — Aidha, tunaweza kwa usalama saza pronoun katika hukumu yenyewe. Maana ya hukumu hawataumizwa. Jinsi ya kuamua pronoun jamaa katika hukumu hii ni pamoja? Kama kati ya tamko jamaa na kitendo kuna nomino au kiwakilishi mwingine, itakuwa chini ya, na tamko letu jamaa — Aidha.

The nicest city (that) I ever visited is Madrid. – is Madrid. – Madrid — mji mazuri ambayo mimi amewahi kuwa.

Sorry, I forgot to bring you the book (that) you asked — Sorry, I forgot leteni Kitabu chenu wewe ombi.

Sisi kwa kawaida saza viunganishi kabla pronoun jamaa kwa Kiingereza.

The drawer I keep my documents in was unlocked. – was unlocked. – Droo ambayo mimi kuweka nyaraka zangu, ilifunguliwa.

Jamaa Viwakilishi katika Kiingereza — ni kundi moja tu ya viwakilishi. On makundi mengine unaweza kusoma makala kujitoa kwa sehemu hii ya hotuba.

Mada hii ni karibu kuhusiana na wengine kama ilivyoelezwa katika makala ambayo haja ya kulipa kipaumbele:

  • «Viwakilishi demonstrative katika lugha ya Kiingereza»
  • «Viwakilishi interrogative katika lugha ya Kiingereza»

Baada ya kusoma yao, sisi kupendekeza kupita mtihani zifuatazo: «. Mtihani # 2 juu ya matumizi ya viwakilishi katika lugha ya Kiingereza»

 

Grammar

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