In Kesi By Alexander

Imagination, dream, fantasy: kufikiria, ndoto na ndoto kwa Kiingereza!

Mawazo yetu ni mkubwa kupita kiasi. Hii ni moja ya sifa hizo kwamba kufanya mtu maalum. Tunaweza kufikiria kitu ndoto kuhusu jambo fulani, kufikiria, kwa ndoto, ndoto. Ndoto kwamba sisi kuona wakati wa mapumziko ya fahamu? Jambo fora kwamba kama unadhani na kusahau kuwa ni sawa na kitu kila siku. Katika makala hii sisi majadiliano kuhusu jinsi ya majadiliano juu ya mawazo na ndoto kwa Kiingereza!

Imagination. Mawazo

Fikiria — kuiwakilisha kitu, hasa kitu ambacho wewe sijawahi kuona au uzoefu kabla. Katika Kiingereza, neno to imagine

France was exactly how I had imagined it. – France was exactly how I had imagined it. – Ufaransa ilikuwa nini hasa mimi alikuwa kufikiri.

Baada ya imagine inaweza kutumika kwa maneno that na what / how / where Muhimu! Baada ya neno imagine kamwe kutumika nauni. Linapokuja suala la utekelezaji, ni muhimu kutumia gerund imagine doing something

Can you imagine sleeping without a pillow? – Can you imagine sleeping without a pillow? – Je, unaweza kufikiria, jinsi ya kulala bila ya mto?

Moja ya majina ya neno imagine neno picture (verb). Kama thamani ni kama karibu na kile sisi kuweka katika neno la Urusi «wasilisha» (kuchora picha katika kichwa changu).

Picture it: you and me, lying on a beach in the sun. – juu ya pwani katika jua. Picture it: you and me, lying on a beach in the sun. – Picture it: you and me, lying on a beach in the sun. – Fikiria: wewe na mimi, amelazwa juu ya pwani chini ya jua.

Inaangalia thamani ya maneno, na can see — kuiwakilisha kitu ambacho ni uwezekano wa kutokea, kitu ukoo na mara kwa mara.

I can see him doing morning coffee as he usually does. – yeye kawaida gani. I can see him doing morning coffee as he usually does. – I can see him doing morning coffee as he usually does. – Siwezi kufikiria kile anachokifanya asubuhi kahawa kama kawaida. (I just kuona ni jinsi gani hufanya kahawa)

Ni unaweza kuhusishwa na mawazo na ndoto. Nini ndoto — dream of — kufikiria kitu mazuri kwamba nataka kufanya, au kwa namna fulani kufanya ukweli. Katika neno la Kiingereza imagine kutumika pia katika kesi linapokuja suala la kitu ambacho walionekana au ilionekana.

I think he likes me. Unless I’m just imagining it. – I think he likes me. Unless I’m just imagining it. – Nadhani yeye anapenda yangu. Au ni mimi tu wakikumbuka mwenyewe.

Be seeing / hearing / imagining things — inaonekana matamanio.

Did someone call me – or I am hearing things? – kusikia mambo? Did someone call me – or I am hearing things? – Did someone call me – or I am hearing things? – Mimi nilikuwa wito mtu, au Nilidhani nikasikia?

Bidhaa ya mawazo yetu, pia, kuwa na majina yao wenyewe. Kwanza, kile sisi kuwakilisha inaitwa «imaginary» — imaginary (kuna kitu halisi, ipo tu katika mawazo yetu). Kwa mfano, imaginary friend — rafiki imaginary.

Fantasia — fantasy — hali kusisimua kwamba sisi wanaangalia, lakini kwamba kuna uwezekano kamwe kuwa barabara.

He’s always talking about buying a beach house, but it is just a fantasy. – nyumba, lakini ni tu Ndoto. He’s always talking about buying a beach house, but it is just a fantasy. – He’s always talking about buying a beach house, but it is just a fantasy. – Yeye daima anasema kununua pwani nyumba, lakini ni tu mawazo yake.

Usiwachanganye neno fantasy na imagination Mwisho — «mawazo» — «uwezo wa kufikiria,» wakati Ndoto fantasy — bidhaa ya kipekee ya mawazo.

Reading is a good way to develop a child’s imagination. – mawazo ya mtoto. Reading is a good way to develop a child’s imagination. – Reading is a good way to develop a child’s imagination. – Reading — njia nzuri ya kuendeleza mawazo ya mtoto.

Sleep. Mchakato wa usingizi na kuanguka wamelala

To sleep — neno aliyeingia katika kamusi kujifunza Kiingereza karibu kwanza. Na si kwamba ajabu, kwa sababu sisi kulala sehemu kubwa ya maisha yetu. Jinsi ya kuzungumzia ndoto na kile maneno ya kutumia kwa ajili hiyo?

Kama wewe ni kuzungumza juu ya kawaida, afya usingizi, kutumia maneno sleep well a sound sleeper sleep like a dog Mwisho tunasikia katika lugha ya Kirusi katika mfumo wa maneno «kulala kama mtoto,» kwamba ni nzuri sana. 🙂

Usingizi wa muda mrefu ni ilivyoelezwa kwa kutumia misemo sleep in au sleep late Kulala watu wasio na makazi ambao kulala katika viwanja vya wazi au katika chumba tupu, ajabu kama inaweza sauti, tafsiri ya maneno sleep rough

Usiwachanganye maneno: sleep (= be asleep na go to sleep (= start sleeping
Je, si kusema: I slept at midnight
Hiyo ni haki: I went to sleep at midnight

Hapa ni orodha ya vitendo muhimu katika muendelezo wa mada:

  1. To have / take a nap — nap.
  2. Get some sleep! — Go kulala! (Go kupata baadhi ya mapumziko!)
  3. To be asleep — kulala.
  4. To doze off — doze.
  5. To snooze — doze mbali kulala kwa muda mrefu (short nap), nap.
  6. To go to sleep — kwenda kulala.
  7. To fall asleep — kulala.
  8. To drop off — usingizi (misimu analog «kupita nje»).

Dream. Tunachokiona katika ndoto?

Linapokuja suala la picha kwamba kuonekana mbele ya macho yetu wakati wa kulala, unapaswa kutumia neno dream Kamusi ya lugha ya Kiingereza, unaweza kuona ufafanuzi kama: dream is a series of thoughts, images and experiences that come into your mind while you are asleep

My brother remembers his dreams when he wakes up. – up. My brother remembers his dreams when he wakes up. – My brother remembers his dreams when he wakes up. – Ndugu yangu anakumbuka ndoto zake wakati macho.

Kama unataka kusema nini kuhusu shida au ndoto, unaweza kutumia maneno bad dream — «mbaya ndoto» au neno nightmare — «ndoto». Tunataka wewe kwa kutumia maneno kama vile kidogo iwezekanavyo!

People usually wake up from the nightmare screaming. – People usually wake up from the nightmare screaming. – Watu huwa na kuamka kutoka ndoto mayowe.

Kama unataka kufafanua kuwa ndoto lazima kusema dream that au dream about

He often dreamt that he was back in the USA. – Marekani. He often dreamt that he was back in the USA. – He often dreamt that he was back in the USA. – Mara kwa mara kuota kuwa alirudi nchini Marekani.

I dreamt about you last night. – I dreamt about you last night. – Mimi na ndoto ya wewe jana usiku.

Na kisha kuna hali wakati mtu ni ari, lakini kufikiri juu ya kitu kiasi kwamba macho yake alionekana mbele «picha.» Yeye kawaida haina taarifa kile kinachotokea karibu, kwa sababu yeye alivutiwa. Hali hii ya wazungumzaji wa Kiingereza inayoitwa daydream ambayo inaweza kutafsiriwa kama «ota».

It seemed that my mother lost in a daydream. – ota. It seemed that my mother lost in a daydream. – It seemed that my mother lost in a daydream. – Mama yangu walionekana kuwa inaelekea (ota).

Wanaotaka maneno Goodnight iwezekanavyo Good night Sweet dreams Sleep well au watu wengine ambao kuwakilisha maana moja.

Nahau juu ya kulala

Kama imekuwa alisema, ndoto — sana sehemu muhimu ya maisha yetu, hivyo mengi ya maneno idiomatic aliunda. Wengi wao ni kutumika katika hotuba za kila siku, na itakuwa na manufaa kwa kuelewa ambao wanataka kujifunza lugha ya Kiingereza na wasemaji wake. Sisi kupendekeza kujifahamisha na tano Nahau maarufu kwamba ni kuhusiana na usingizi:

  1. Asleep at the wheel — kulala katika gurudumu (literally). Ni kutumika wakati kuzungumza juu ya mtu mwenye kughafilika, hasa wakati ambapo mawazo yake ni muhimu.
  2. Cat nap — kulinganisha usingizi kulala paka. Kama mtu napping mara chache kidogo, he has a cat nap
  3. Hit the hay — kugonga nyasi (literally). Hiyo ni kwenda upande, kwenda kulala.
  4. Out like a light — kulala kwa haraka sana (kasi ya mwanga).
  5. Sleep on it — kama wanasema, «usingizi» na wazo. Kwa mfano, kama unahitaji kuchukua uamuzi, ni ya kufanya hivyo baada ya ndoto bora.

Mwishoni napenda kutoa moja maarufu sana tumbuizo lullaby Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

Have a good night, dear friends 🙂

 

Kesi

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